PRACTICE OF PROPER HANDWASHING AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG STAFF IN A MALAYSIAN UNIVERSITY

  • San San Oo
  • Mohd Salami Ibrahim Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Myat Moe Thwe Aung Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Yuzana Mohd Yusop Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Azmi Hassan Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Nyi Nyi Naing Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Rahmah Mohd Amin Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Aniza Abd Aziz Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Nik Nor Ronaidi Nik Mahdi Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
Keywords: knowledge, attitude, practice, handwashing, Malaysia, associated factors, Terengganu

Abstract

In higher education setting throughout the world, the practise of handwashing among staff is essential, particularly in the period of COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the overwhelming evidence on the effectiveness of proper handwashing, the knowledge, attitude and practice of handwashing among the staff of higher education have not been well investigated. Consequently, a cross-sectional study among staff in a university in Malaysia was conducted to identify the prevalence of proper handwashing and its associated factors. The data was collected using questionnaires in Google form from 18th June to 21st June 2020. Statistical analyses involved simple and multiple logistic regression with backward likelihood ratio method. Out of 349 participants, 31.8% (95% CI:  26.9,36.7) had proper handwashing practice. The results of the multivariable analysis revealed that the total knowledge scores (OR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.001, 1.071) and the total attitude scores (OR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.152, 1.321) were found to be significantly associated with proper handwashing practice among staff. Our study suggests that having the right knowledge and favourable attitudes are crucial towards achieving the proper handwashing practise. Additional supports for promoting a conducive ecosystem may also likely be needed to sustain a long-term practice of proper handwashing.

Author Biographies

San San Oo

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Mohd Salami Ibrahim, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Medical Education Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Myat Moe Thwe Aung, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Yuzana Mohd Yusop, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Azmi Hassan, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Nyi Nyi Naing, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Rahmah Mohd Amin, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Aniza Abd Aziz, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Nik Nor Ronaidi Nik Mahdi, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

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Published
2021-08-28
How to Cite
Oo, S. S., Ibrahim, M. S., Thwe Aung, M. M., Mohd Yusop, Y., Hassan, A., Naing, N. N., Mohd Amin, R., Abd Aziz, A., & Nik Mahdi, N. N. R. (2021). PRACTICE OF PROPER HANDWASHING AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG STAFF IN A MALAYSIAN UNIVERSITY. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(2), 267-274. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.21/no.2/art.992