THE RENAL FUNCTION STATUS OF METAL ELECTROPLATING WORKERS EXPOSED TO CHROMIUM VI

  • Yuliani Setyaningsih Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Ida Wahyuni Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Ekawati Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Praba Ginandjar Epidemiology Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
Keywords: chromium, electroplating workers, renal function

Abstract

Chromium (Cr) is commonly used as an anti-corrosive agent. Due to its unique nature, Cr is used to coat metal in order to make it looks shiny and attractive. However, hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)), a form of chromium used in electroplating, is classified as carcinogenic substance. Its portal of entry into the human body can be through inhalation, ingestion, and dermal absorption. Talang District in central-Java, Indonesia is a center of informal sector’s metal electroplating industry. Electroplating workers in the informal sector rarely wear personal protective equipment (PPE) while working. This research analyzed the relation between chromium exposure, age, length of employment, and nutritional status with renal function of metal electroplaters. The subjects of this study involved 35 electroplaters from Talang with working experience ranging between 6 and 40 years. The independent variables were age, length of employment, nutritional status and exposure to chromium. Dependent variable was workers’ renal function. Urine samples were collected to determine chromium exposure and renal function based on urinary chromium and creatinine levels. Data was analyzed using chi-square test with SPSS Statistics software. The average urinary chromium and creatinine levels were 21.16 μg/L and 209.75 mg/dL respectively. This study found no relation between age and chromium levels in urine and renal function. However, length of employment and nutritional status were found to be significantly related to renal function. Although chromium exposure does not appear significantly associate with renal function, the average urinary chromium levels of metal electroplaters did exceed threshold values.

Author Biographies

Yuliani Setyaningsih, Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Lecturer in Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia

Ida Wahyuni, Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Lecturer in Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia

Ekawati, Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Lecturer in Occupational Safety and Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia

Praba Ginandjar, Epidemiology Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Lecturer in Epidemiology Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia

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Published
2021-04-24
How to Cite
Setyaningsih, Y., Wahyuni, I., Ekawati, & Ginandjar, P. (2021). THE RENAL FUNCTION STATUS OF METAL ELECTROPLATING WORKERS EXPOSED TO CHROMIUM VI. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(1), 297-302. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.21/no.1/art.863