PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AMONG INSTITUTIONALIZED ELDERLY IN SABAH, MALAYSIA BORNEO

  • Helmy Sajali Tawau Area Health Office, Sabah State Health Department, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Afidah Abidin Tawau Area Health Office, Sabah State Health Department, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Premala Subramaniam Queen Elizabeth Hospital Kota Kinabalu, Sabah State Health Department, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Mohd Fazeli Sazali Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Saffree Jeffree Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mazlinda Musa Department of Medical Education, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Nicholas Tze Ping Pang Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Azizan Omar Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mohd Faizal Madrim Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Khalid Mokti Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Abdul Rahman Ramdzan Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Zulkhairul Naim Sidek Ahmad
  • Azman Atil
  • Muhammad Aklil Abd Rahim Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, Faculty Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mohd Rohaizat Hassan Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Keywords: Depression, Elderly, Nursing Home

Abstract

The elderly population in Malaysia are multiplying, and older people's reliance on social services such as elderly institutions has increased. Mental health problems especially depression is one of the main problems with institutionalized elderly. This study aims to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of depression among the elderly in all three state-run institutions in Sabah. A multi-centred, cross-sectional study was conducted on residents of all three state-run elderly institutions in Sabah (N=110). All residents that fulfil the criteria were included in the study through a self-administered set of validated questionnaires that measure perceived social support, loneliness, and depression. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences by IBM (IBM SPSS) v25 was used and Chi-Square and logistic regression for analysis. The prevalence of depressive symptoms is at 60.9%. The independent risk factors for depression in residents were male gender (OR=4.09, 95%CI=1.55, 10.79), perceived poor health status (OR=6.63, 95%CI=2.49, 17.65), and loneliness (OR=6.12, 95%CI=2.02, 18.53). Depression is prevalent among the elderly in the state-run institutions in Sabah, Malaysia. A comprehensive mental health screening program needs to be implemented for the elderly institutions along with adequate training for staff to handle mental health issues in the elderly.

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Published
2021-04-24
How to Cite
Sajali, H., Syed Abdul Rahim, S. S., Abidin, A., Subramaniam, P., Sazali, M. F., Jeffree, M. S., Musa, M., Pang, N. T. P., Omar, A., Madrim, M. F., Mokti, K., Ramdzan, A. R., Sidek Ahmad, Z. N., Atil, A., Abd Rahim, M. A., & Hassan, M. R. (2021). PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AMONG INSTITUTIONALIZED ELDERLY IN SABAH, MALAYSIA BORNEO. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(1), 253-259. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.21/no.1/art.823