A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON IDENTIFYING ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN DECIDING WORK- RELATEDNESS OF CHRONIC BACK PAIN AMONG EMPLOYEE
Chronic low back pain is a common and preventable complain among workers. Large amount of financial and benefit cost has been spent by the developed countries to prevent, treat and rehabilitate a large number of workers that are exposed to hazards attributing to low back pain. Efforts on primary prevention of low back pain has been challenging due to difficulties in affirming work- relatedness of chronic back pain among workers. As such, efforts have to be focused on the existing literatures to propose acceptable variables to define work- relatedness specific to occupational low back pain. Evidences suggest twisting, frequent manual lifting of objects, duration of daily exposure, coping mechanism towards the pain, body mass index (BMI), smoking status and physical activity are associated with occupational back pain. However, further research efforts are needed to establish stronger evidence and improve the occupational safety and health of our workers that are exposed to all these hazards throughout the day on a daily basis.
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