• Jenn Zhueng Tam Negeri Sembilan State Health Department, Ministry of Health of Malaysia
  • Zuraida Mohamed Negeri Sembilan State Health Department, Ministry of Health of Malaysia
  • Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh Department of Community Health, Malaysia National University Medical Centre
  • Noor Hassim Ismail Department of Community Health, Malaysia National University Medical Centre




chronic back pain, work- relatedness, work, factors


Chronic low back pain is a common and preventable complain among workers. Large amount of financial and benefit cost has been spent by the developed countries to prevent, treat and rehabilitate a large number of workers that are exposed to hazards attributing to low back pain. Efforts on primary prevention of low back pain has been challenging due to difficulties in affirming work- relatedness of chronic back pain among workers. As such, efforts have to be focused on the existing literatures to propose acceptable variables to define work- relatedness specific to occupational low back pain. Evidences suggest twisting, frequent manual lifting of objects, duration of daily exposure, coping mechanism towards the pain, body mass index (BMI), smoking status and physical activity are associated with occupational back pain. However, further research efforts are needed to establish stronger evidence and improve the occupational safety and health of our workers that are exposed to all these hazards throughout the day on a daily basis.


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How to Cite

Jenn Zhueng Tam, Zuraida Mohamed, Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, & Noor Hassim Ismail. (2019). A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON IDENTIFYING ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN DECIDING WORK- RELATEDNESS OF CHRONIC BACK PAIN AMONG EMPLOYEE. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.19/no.1/art.8