HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS, CONSUMPTION PATTERN AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY BEFORE AND DURING COVID-19 IN BANTEN PROVINCE
Households that are accustomed to food insecurity will find a more difficult situation at this time, exacerbated by Covid-19 as fewer resources to comply with social distancing recommendations. Food insecure individuals may also be less flexible in their jobs to enable them to earn income while staying at home, or may be at higher risk of losing their jobs altogether, thereby reducing (or eliminating) their incomes. Design of this study is a crosssectional study using purposive sampling, where 218 households were obtained as respondents. These factors can put food insecure households at a higher risk of contracting Covid-19 and greater food insecurity due to the economic effects of Covid-19 mitigation efforts. The characteristics of the head of the family in this study as a whole were between the ages of 26-35 years with a high school education level, working as private employees with an income level of more than regional wages.The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of the family, consumption patterns and food security before and during Covid-19 occurred in the province of Banten. The results showed that there were differences in family consumption patterns before and during Covid-19 with values (p=0.001) and there were differences in the average score of family food security before and during Covid-19 with values (p=0.001). The covid-19 pandemic conditions affect the consumption pattern and food security of the family, therefore it is necessary to modify various diets so that the family can survive.
Putra, A. D. Covid-19 dan Solusi Atasi Dampak Krisis Ekonomi. (2020).
BAPPENAS. Laporan Pencapaian Tujuan Milenium di Indonesia 2014. (2015).
Balitbangkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2007. (2008).
Balitbangkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar- Riskesdas 2013. (2013).
Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M., Gregory, C. & Singh, A. Household Food Insecurity In The United States in 2017 [ERR-256]. (2018).
Marmot, M. Social Determinants of Health Inequalities. Lancet365, 1099–1104 (2005).
Gundersen, C. & Ziliak, J. P. Food Insecurity and Health Outcomes. Health Aff.34, 1830–1839 (2015).
Gostin, L. O. & Wiley, L. F. Governmental Public Health Powers During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Stay-at-Home Orders, Business Closures, and Travel Restrictions. Jama323, 2137–2138 (2020).
Niles, M. T. et al. Food Access and Security During Coronavirus: A Vermont Study. (2020).
Fitzpatrick, K. M., Harris, C. & Drawve, G. Assessing Food Insecurity in the United States During COVID-19 Pandemic. Montana34, 3 (2020).
Bauer, L. The COVID-19 Crisis Has Already Left too Many Children Hungry in America. Brookings.
Purwaningsih, Y. Ketahanan Pangan: Situasi, Permasalahan, Kebijakan, dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. J. Ekon. Pembang. Kaji. Masal. Ekon. dan Pembang.9, 1–27 (2008).
Pinstrup-Andersen, P. Food Security: Definition and Measurement. Food Secur.1, 5–7 (2009).
Jones, A. D., Ngure, F. M., Pelto, G. & Young, S. L. What are We Assessing When We Measure Food Security? A Compendium and Review of Current Metrics. Adv. Nutr.4, 481–505 (2013).
Sen, A. Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. (Oxford university press, 1982).
Barrett, C. B. Measuring Food Insecurity. Science (80-. ).327, 825–828 (2010).
Litman, L., Robinson, J. & Abberbock, T. TurkPrime. com: A Versatile Crowdsourcing Data Acquisition Platform For The Behavioral Sciences. Behav. Res. Methods49, 433–442 (2017).
Coates, J., Swindale, A. & Bilinsky, P. Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for Measurement of Food Access: Indicator Guide: version 3. (2007).
Awan, M. S., Malik, N., Sarwar, H. & Waqas, M. Impact of Education on Poverty Reduction. (2011).
Putri, A. D. & Setiawina, D. Pengaruh Umur, Pendidikan, Pekerjaan Terhadap Pendapatan Rumah Tangga Miskin di Desa Bebandem. E-Jurnal Ekon. Pembang. Univ. Udayana2, 44604 (2013).
Adiguno, R., Sihombing, L. & Hutajulu, A. T. Analisis Akses Pangan di Provinsi Sumatera Utara. J. Agric. Agribus. Socioecon.3, 15241 (2014).
Subiyanto, S. Akses Pangan Berbasis Spasial Dalam Ketahanan Pangan Di Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2011. (Sebelas Maret, 2015).
Nation, U. Global Solidarity: Responding to the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19. Shared Responsibility (2020).
Zhao, A. et al. Dietary Diversity Among Chinese Residents During The COVID-19 Outbreak and Its Associated Factors. Nutrients12, 1699 (2020).
Althoff, R. R., Ametti, M. & Bertmann, F. The Role of Food Insecurity In Developmental Psychopathology. Prev. Med. (Baltim).92, 106–109 (2016).
Thurlow, J. COVID-19 Lockdowns Have Imposed Substantial Economic Costs On Countries in Africa. IFPRI B. chapters 23–25 (2020).
Reardon, T., Bellemare, M. F. & Zilberman, D. How COVID-19 May Disrupt Food Supply Chains In Developing countries. IFPRI B. chapters 78–80 (2020).
Bank, T. W. Food Security and COVID-19 [Internet]. Word Bank (2020).
Berkowitz, S. A., Basu, S., Meigs, J. B. &Seligman, H. K. Food insecurity and Health Care Expenditures in The United States, 2011–2013. Health Serv. Res.53, 1600 (2018).
Gundersen, C., Engelhard, E. E., Crumbaugh, A. S. & Seligman, H. K. Brief Assessment of Food Insecurity Accurately Identifies High-Risk US Adults. Public Health Nutr.20, 1367–1371 (2017).
Kirkpatrick, S. I. & Tarasuk, V. Assessing The Relevance of Neighbourhood Characteristics to The Household Food Security of Low-Income Toronto Families. Public Health Nutr.13, 1139–1148 (2010).
Huet, C., Rosol, R. & Egeland, G. M. The Prevalence of Food Insecurity is High and The Diet Quality Poor in Inuit Communities. J. Nutr.142, 541–547 (2012).
Sari, A. K. & Andrias, D. R. Faktor Sosial Ekonomi yang Berhubungan Dengan Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Nelayan Perkotaan di Surabaya. Media Gizi Indones.9, 54–59 (2013).
Sukiyono, K. & Cahyadinata, I. Status Wanita dan Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Nelayan dan Petani Padi di Kabupaten Muko-Muko Provinsi Bengkulu. (2019).