THE PERFORMANCE OF SAFETY IMPLEMENTATION TOWARDS ACCIDENT OCCURRENCE IN MALAYSIA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
Reported fatal accidents in Malaysia construction industry contributed the highest number among other industries since 2009 until 2018. These statistics are alarming and elucidate the need to conduct scientific research to find the solution to solve the problem. Safety and health issues remain critical to the construction industry due to its working environment and the complexity of working practices. To prevent an accident, hazard identification is essential to construction safety management because unidentified hazards present the most unmanageable risks. Therefore, this research is conducted to help in reducing occupational accidents in the construction industry, and it can be considered worthy. This study aims to understand the triggering events, and their factors leading to fatal accidents are of significant input. The obtained data were analyzed using a statistical analysis program. Data collections of 139 numbers of respondents have been conducted in six different construction sites in east Malaysia. The result showed that there is a correlation between worker's perspective on safety management in the construction site and accident that can lead to a more fatality rate compared to other sectors. The corresponding recommendations are ultimately put forward as fatal accident prevention in construction activities. The patterns found in this paper can contribute valuable direction for formulating accident prevention strategies. In future research, reporting of an accident and near misses are essential to be further explored.
2. M. Waris, M. Shahir, M. Faris, and A. Idrus, “Investigating the Awareness of Onsite Mechanization in Malaysian Construction Industry,” Procedia Eng., vol. 77, pp. 205–212, 2014.
3. R. A. Khan, M. S. Liew, and Z. Bin Ghazali, “Malaysian Construction Sector and Malaysia Vision 2020: Developed Nation Status,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 109, pp. 507–513, 2014.
4. R. Awwad, O. El Souki, and M. Jabbour, “Construction safety practices and challenges in a Middle Eastern developing country,” 2016.
5. S. Monir El-Sayegh, “Risk assessment and allocation in the UAE construction industry.”
6. H. Li, M. Lu, S.-C. Hsu, M. Gray, and T. Huang, “Proactive behavior-based safety management for construction safety improvement,” 2015.
7. N. Ghodrati, T. W. Yiu, S. Wilkinson, and M. Shahbazpour, “A new approach to predict safety outcomes in the construction industry,” Saf. Sci., vol. 109, pp. 86–94, Nov. 2018.
8. N. S. N. Yiu, N. N. Sze, and D. W. M. Chan, “Implementation of safety management systems in Hong Kong construction industry – A safety practitioner’s perspective,” J. Safety Res., vol. 64, pp. 1–9, Feb. 2018.
9. M. A. Camino López, D. O. Ritzel, I. Fontaneda, and O. J. González Alcantara, “Construction industry accidents in Spain,” J. Safety Res., vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 497–507, Jan. 2008.
10. A. Hale, D. Walker, N. Walters, and H. Bolt, “Developing the understanding of underlying causes of construction fatal accidents,” Saf. Sci., vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 2020–2027, Dec. 2012.
11. Z. Ismail, S. Doostdar, and Z. Harun, “Factors influencing the implementation of a safety management system for construction sites,” Saf. Sci., vol. 50, pp. 418–423, 2012.
12. Z. Zhou, Y. Miang, and Q. Li, “Overview and analysis of safety management studies in the construction industry,” Saf. Sci., vol. 72, pp. 337–350, 2015.
13. M. Cox and K. Sandberg, “Modeling Causal Relationships in Quality Improvement Fishbone diagrams,” Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Heal. Care, vol. 48, pp. 182–185, 2018.
14. B. Hoła, T. Nowobilski, I. Szer, and J. Szer, “Identification of factors affecting the accident rate in the construction industry,” Procedia Eng., vol. 208, pp. 35–42, Jan. 2017.
15. A. Bavafa, A. Mahdiyar, and A. K. Marsono, “Identifying and assessing the critical factors for effective implementation of safety programs in construction projects,” Saf. Sci., vol. 106, pp. 47–56, Jul. 2018.
16. DOSH, “Laman Web Rasmi Jabatan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan Malaysia - Utama,” 2018. [Online]. Available: http://www.dosh.gov.my/index.php/ms/. [Accessed: 19-Oct-2018].
17. B. Hoła and M. Szóstak, “Analysis of the Development of Accident Situations in the Construction Industry,” Procedia Eng., vol. 91, pp. 429–434, Jan. 2014.
18. DOSH 2012, “Laman Web Rasmi Jabatan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan Malaysia - Statistik Kemalangan Pekerjaan 2012.” [Online]. Available: http://www.dosh.gov.my/index.php/ms/458-media-resources/arkib/arkib-statistik/2012-arkib-statistik/795-occupational-accidents-statistics-2012. [Accessed: 24-Dec-2018].
19. DOSH 2018, “Laman Web Rasmi Jabatan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan Malaysia - Statistik kemalangan pekerjaan mengikut sektor 2017.” [Online]. Available: http://www.dosh.gov.my/index.php/ms/archive-statistics/2017/2003-statistik-kemalangan-pekerjaan-mengikut-sektor-2017. [Accessed: 24-Dec-2018].
20. R. A. Haslam et al., “Contributing factors in construction accidents,” Appl. Ergon., vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 401–415, Jul. 2005.
21. H. Yih, C. Thuan, and S. Low, “Accidents in Malaysian Construction Industry: Statistical Data and Court Cases,” International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.,20(3), pp. 503 -13, 2014.
22. E. D. Fonseca, F. P. A. Lima, and F. Duarte, “From construction site to design: the different accident prevention levels in the building industry,” Safety Science., Vol. 70, pp. 406 -418, 2014.
23. A. Senouci, I. Al-Abbadi, and N. Eldin, “Safety Improvement on Building Construction Sites in Qatar,” Procedia Eng., vol. 123, pp. 504–509, 2015.
24. S. Winge, E. Albrechtsen, and A. Mostue, “Causal factors and connections in construction accidents,” Saf. Sci., vol. 112, pp. 130–141, 2018.
25. S. Winge and E. Albrechtsen, “Accident types and barrier failures in the construction industry,” Saf. Sci., vol. 105, pp. 158–166, 2018.
26. F. Yean, Y. Ling, M. Liu, and Y. C. Woo, “Construction fatalities in Singapore.”
27. E. A. L. Teo, F. Y. Y. Ling, and A. F. W. Chong, “Framework for project managers to manage construction safety,” Int. J. Proj. Manag., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 329–341, May 2005.
28. Z. Ismail, S. Doostdar, and Z. Harun, “Factors influencing the implementation of a safety management system for construction sites,” Saf. Sci., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 418–423, Mar. 2012.
29. D. A. Danielsen, O. Torp, and J. Lohne, “HSE in Civil Engineering Programs and Industry Expectations,” Procedia Eng., vol. 196, pp. 327–334, Jan. 2017.
30. H. Li, M. Lu, S. Hsu, M. Gray, and T. Huang, “Proactive behavior-based safety management for construction safety improvement,” Saf. Sci., vol. 75, pp. 107–117, 2015.
31. L. W. Saunders, B. M. Kleiner, A. P. McCoy, K. P. Ellis, T. Smith-Jackson, and C. Wernz, “Developing an inter-organizational safety climate instrument for the construction industry,” Saf. Sci., vol. 98, pp. 17–24, Oct. 2017.
32. Y. Li and F. W. Guldenmund, “Safety management systems: A broad overview of the literature,” Saf. Sci., vol. 103, pp. 94–123, 2018.
33. Q. Xu, H.-Y. Chong, and P.-C. Liao, “Collaborative information integration for construction safety monitoring,” Automation in Construction., 102, 120-134, 2019.
34. M. Gunduz and H. Laitinen, “Observation based safety performance indexing method for construction industry-Validation with Turkish SMEs Observation Based Safety Performance Indexing Method for Construction Industry-Validation with SMEs,” KSCE J. Civ. Eng., no. 0000, pp. 1–7.
35. C. Andolfo and F. Sadeghpour, “A Probabilistic Accident Prediction Model for Construction Sites,” Procedia Eng., vol. 123, pp. 15–23, Jan. 2015.
36. D. Fang and H. Wu, “Development of a Safety Culture Interaction (SCI) model for construction projects,” Saf. Sci., vol. 57, pp. 138–149, 2013.
37. N. M. Saifullah and F. Ismail, “Integration of Occupational Safety and Health during Pre- construction Stage in Malaysia,” vol. 35, no. December 2011, pp. 603–610, 2012.
38. L. F. Alarcón, D. Acuña, S. Diethelm, and E. Pellicer, “Strategies for improving safety performance in construction firms,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 94, pp. 107–118, Sep. 2016.
39. F. K. W. Wong et al., “Article information,” J. Eng. Des. Technol., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 130–142.
40. R. M. Choudhry and D. Fang, “Why operatives engage in unsafe work behavior: Investigating factors on construction sites,” Saf. Sci., vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 566–584, Apr. 2008.
41. CIDB, “Act 520.” [Online]. Available: http://www.cidb.gov.my/index.php/en/legislation/act-520. [Accessed: 08-Apr-2019].
42. L. P. Hang and E. H. Sukadarin, “Development of Working at Height Management System Based on Legislation in Malaysia,” Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 969 (Springer Cham), 2020.
43. S. S. Man, A. H. S. Chan and S. Alabdulkarim, “Quantification of risk perception: Development and of the construction worker risk perception (CoWoRP) scale,” Journal of Safety Research, 71, pp. 25-39, 2019.