ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION AMONG HUNAN POPULATION IN CHINA
AMI and Hunan
Keywords:Acute myocardial infarction, ST elevation myocardial infarction, Chest pain, Smoking, Hypertension
The purpose of this study to determine the clinical characteristic of the associated risk factors of acute myocardial infarction patients (AMI) among the Hunan Han population in China. The retrospectively collected the records data of 595 both STEMI and NSTEMI patients from the first Xiangya hospital, Hunan, China over a period of January 2018 and December 2018. These studies revealed clinical characteristics with associated risk factors among acute myocardial infarction patients. A total of 595 diagnosed acute myocardial infarction patients participated in this study among males 70.9% and females 29% with mean age e 52.9+11.3 years. While 90% had STEMI and 9.9 % had NSTEMI. The chest pain 94.4%, 86% and shortness of breath 55%, 100% presented with STEMI and NSTEMI groups respectively. Smoking incidence in male subject 70.3% had higher than in female subject 29.1 % (P<0.05). Hypertension and diabetes mellitus found 59%, 69.5% in male participants as compared to 40.6%, 30.4% in female participants respectively (P<0.05). However, no statistical difference was found among dyslipidemia males 48.6% and females 47.4%. The most common type of AMI was STEMI and usually presented with chest pain and shortness of breath. The AMI patients were more found in male and common associated risk factors were smoking and hypertension followed by diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia.
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