RISK FACTORS AND CHANGES IN SUCCESSFUL AGING AMONG OLDER INDIVIDUALS IN INDONESIA
Keywords:Older individual, Successful aging, Changes in aging, Physical, Mental, Social Health
Successful aging is a universal goal, but it is a challenge owing to declining physical, psychological, and social conditions that occur with increasing age. The aim of this study was to analyze risk factors and changes in successful aging among older individuals (? 60) in Indonesia. This longitudinal study (2000 to 2014) used data from the Indonesia Life Survey (IFLS). Successful aging was defined with physical, mental and social health based on the available questionnaire. The univariate analysis and chi-square- test was used in this study. Of the 801 individuals followed up, 588 (93.2%) were found to have unsuccessful aging and 43 (6.8%) older person showed a change from unsuccessful to successful aging. The proportion of older persons mental and social unhealthy were higher than physical. Factors significantly relating to unsuccessful aging included female sex (p < 0.001), living in rural areas (p < 0.05) or movement from rural to urban areas (p < 0.05), unemployed (p < 0.001), movement from employed to unemployed (p < 0.001), unmarried (p < 0.001) and underweight (p < 0.05). Older individuals who are not categorized as successful aging at the age of ? 60 years can still change for better success in aging at ? 74 years of age. Maintaining mental and social health of older individuals can be achieved through their empowerment by providing opportunities for social activity and work productivity in the community.
Dipietro L, Singh MF, Fielding R, et al. Successful aging. Aging Res. 2012;2012:2–4.
World Economic Forum. Global Agenda Council on Ageing 2012-2014 [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2018 Jan 7]. p. 6. Available from: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GAC/2013/connect/WEF_GAC_Ageing_2012-2014_connect.pdf
UNFPA. Indonesia on the threshold of population ageing. In: Posselt H, editor. UNFPA Indonesia Monograph [Internet]. 1st ed. UNFPA Indonsia Monograph; 2014. p. 1–90. Available from: https://indonesia.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/BUKU_Monograph_No1_Ageing_03_Low-res.pdf
Mclaughlin SJ, Connell CM, Heeringa SG, et al. Successful aging in the United States : Prevalence estimates from a national sample of older adults. Gerontology. 2010;65B(2):216–26.
Meng X, Arcy D. Successful aging in Canada : Prevalence and predictors from a population-based sample of older dults. Gerontology. 2014;8(60):65–72.
Jang SN, Choi YJ, Kim DH. Association of socioeconomic status with successful ageing: Differences in the components of successful geing. Biosoc Sci. 2009;41(2):207–19.
Hamid TA, Momtaz YA, Ibrahim R. Predictors and prevalence of successful aging among older Malaysians. Gerontology. 2012;58(4):366–70.
Ng TP, Broekman BF, Niti M, et al Determinants of successful aging using a multidimensional definition among Chinese elderly in Singapore. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2009;17(5):407–16.
Dahany MM, Drame M, Mahmoedi R, et al. Factors associated with successful aging in persons aged 65 to 75 years. Eur Geriatr Med. 2014;5(6):365–70.
Hyun Cha, Jun Seo E, R Sok S. Factors influencing the successful aging of older Korean adults. Contemp Nurse. 2012;41(1):78–87.
Li C, Lin CH, Lin WY, et al. Successful aging defined by health-related quality of life and its determinants in community-dwelling elders. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):1–8.
de Matos Nascimento C, Ribeiro AQ, Cotta RMM, et al. Factors associated with functional ability in Brazilian elderly. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2012;54:e89–94.
Dogra S, Stathokostas L. Sedentary behavior and physical activity are independent predictors of successful aging in middle-aged and older adults. Journal of Aging Research.2012;2012:1-8.
Lopez PM, Fermandez-Ballesteros R, Zamarron MD, et al. Anthropometric, body composition and health determinants of active ageing: a gender approach. Biosoc Sci. 2011;43(5):597–610.
Ballantyne A, Trenwith L, Zubrinich S, et al. ‘ I feel less lonely ’: what older people say about participating in a social networking website. Qual Ageing Older Adults. 2010;11(10):25–35.
Tomioka K, Kurumatani N, Hosoi H. Positive and negative influences of social participation on physical and mental health among community-dwelling elderly aged 65-70 years: a cross-sectional study in Japan. BMC Geriatr. 2017;17(1):1–13.
Ahmad K, Hafeez M. Factors affecting social participation of elderly people: A study in Lahore. J Anim Plant Sci. 2011;21(2):283–9.
Williams L, Zhang R, Packard KC. Factors affecting the physical and mental health of older adults in China: The importance of marital status, child availability, and gender. SSM - Population Health [Internet]. 2017;3:20–36. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.11.005.
Illario M, Vollenbroek-Hutten MM, Molloy DW, et al. Active and healthy ageing and independent living 2016. Aging Res. 2016;2016:3–6.
Mariolis A, Foscolou A, Tyrovolas S, Piscopo S, et al. Successful aging among elders living in the Mani continental region vs . Insular Areas of the Mediterranean : the MEDIS Study. Aging Dis. 2016;7(3):285–95
Galiana L, Gutiérrez M, Sancho P, et al. Socio-demographic variables and successful aging of the Angolan elderly. Scientifica (Cairo). 2016;2016:1–10.
Arias-Merino ED, Mendoza-Ruvalcoba NM, Arias-merino MJ, et al. Prevalence of successful aging in the elderly in Western Mexico. Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res. 2012;2012:3.
Rattanapun S, Fongkeaw W, Chontawan R, et al. Characteristics healthy ageing among the elderly in Southern Thailand. Chiang Mai Univ J Nat Sci. 2009;8(2):143–60.
Milte CM, Mcnaughton SA. Dietary patterns and successful ageing : a systematic review. Eur J Nutr. 2016;55:423–50.
Singh-Manoux, Sabia S, Bouillon K, et al. Association of body mass index and waist circumference with successful aging. Obesity. 2014;22(4):1172–8.
Kvamme JM, Olsen JA, Florholmen J, et al. Risk of malnutrition and health-related quality of life in community-living elderly men and women : The Tromsø study. Qual Life Res. 2011;20:575–82.
Greenlund KJ, Giles WH, Keenan NL, et.al. Physician advice, patient actions, and health-related quality of life in secondary prevention of stroke through diet and exercise. Stroke. 2002;33(2):565–70.