FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ATTENDANCE TO EARLY CHIDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN MALAYSIA: RESULTS FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND MORBIDITY SURVEY (MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH) 2016

  • Rajini Sooryanarayana Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Shubash Shander Ganapathy Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Rosliza Abdul Manaf Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nik Mazlina Mohammad Kelana Jaya Health Clinic, Selangor State Health Department, 47301 Kelana Jaya, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Norazizah Ibrahim Wong Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Noor Ani Ahmad Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Chan Ying Ying Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Norhafizah Sahril Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Nor'Ain Abd Wahab Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Nik Adilah Nik Shahein Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Tahir Aris Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor, Ministry of Health Malaysia
Keywords: Early education, children, under-five, Malaysia, National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS).

Abstract

The National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2016 was a nationwide cross-sectional survey focusing on maternal and child health. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of, and factors associated with early childhood educational program (ECE) attendance among children aged three to five years in Malaysia. Attendance to ECE has been shown to enhance children’s development, yet there is no national information on ECE attendance in Malaysia, where attendance is not compulsory for children below five years. Parents were interviewed face-to-face utilising a validated questionnaire from the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey using mobile devices.  Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with ECE attendance. Half (53.4%) of children aged three to five years in Malaysia attend ECE. Older children aged four to five were six times more likely to attend ECE than children three to four years. Malaysian children of Chinese ethnicity were thrice as likely than ethnic Malays to attend ECE. Children with access to >3 children’s books were twice more likely to attend ECE than those who had access to <3 books. Unemployed mothers were less likely to send their children to ECE than mothers employed in civil service. More awareness on the importance and benefits of ECE attendance on children’s development is necessary so that younger children benefit from ECE.

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Published
2021-04-24
How to Cite
Sooryanarayana, R., Ganapathy, S. S., Abdul Manaf, R., Mohammad, N. M., Ibrahim Wong, N., Ahmad, N. A., Ying, C. Y., Sahril, N., Abd Wahab, N., Nik Shahein, N. A., & Aris, T. (2021). FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ATTENDANCE TO EARLY CHIDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN MALAYSIA: RESULTS FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND MORBIDITY SURVEY (MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH) 2016. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(1), 356-366. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.21/no.1/art.355