OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONGST HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Authors

  • Nikita Kishore College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE
  • Huda Manzoor College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE
  • Nadia College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE
  • Aishatu Jalal Arabi College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE
  • Shatha AlSharbatti Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman UAE

Keywords:

Lifestyle, Overweight, Obesity, School students

Abstract

This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity (Ow&Ob) amongst high school students, to assess the association between  Ow&Ob,  lifestyle choices, perception, and socio-demographic factors, and to assess predictors of  Ow&Ob among high school students who were selected from four schools in Ajman, Sharjah and Dubai. The study included students in grades 9-12, both genders and any nationality; parents consented to their participation. The questionnaire included aspects of sociodemographics, health, and nutrition factors. The participant's weight and height measurements were self-reported.  IBM-SPSS version  27 software was used. The Chi- square test and logistic analysis were used in the analysis. The study showed that out of the 384 students, the prevalence of Ow&Ob was 18.3% and 14.7%, respectively, with a total prevalence of 33%. A significantly higher prevalence of Ow&Ob was noticed in males (42.9%) compared to females (23.3%), p<0.001. Significant associations were found between  Ow&Ob with the father’s occupation (p <0.001),  utilizing any weight loss methods  (p<0.001), following any dietary regime (p<0.001),  perceived being overweight (p<0.001),  perceived being obese (p<0.001). There was no association between Ow&Ob with physical activity, sleep patterns, diet and beverage consumption, and weight monitoring. The risk of Ow&Ob was higher among males compared to females (OR=4.266, 95%CI:2.408-7.558). Perceived being overweight was associated with increased  likelihood of  Ow&Ob (OR= 11.191,95%CI:  (5.961-21.01). In conclusion, the prevalence of Ow&Ob was 33%. Significant association was found between Ow&Ob and father’s occupation,  utilizing any weight loss  methods, following any dietary regime,  perceived  being  Ow&Ob.  Gender, and Perceived  being  overweight  can predict Ow&Ob risk. 

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Published

2024-04-28

How to Cite

Kishore, N., Manzoor, H., Nadia, Jalal Arabi, A., & AlSharbatti, S. (2024). OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONGST HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 24(1), 249–258. Retrieved from https://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/2410