PERSPECTIVE OF MALAYSIAN GENERAL PRACTITIONERS AND FAMILY PHYSICIANS TOWARDS ROUTINE SCREENING FOR DEMENTIA

Authors

  • Zeenat Abdulshakur Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cyberjaya, Cyberjaya, Malaysia.
  • Tajmul Rizwan Tajudin Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cyberjaya, Cyberjaya, Malaysia.
  • Thin Mon Kyaw Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Manipal University College Malaysia, Melaka, Malaysia.
  • Abdul Hanif Khan Yusof Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor.
  • Aneesa Abdul Rashid Malaysian Research Institute On Ageing (MYAGEING), Universiti Putra Malaysia,Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Navin Kumar Devaraj Malaysian Research Institute On Ageing (MYAGEING), Universiti Putra Malaysia,Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Keywords:

Dementia, Elderly, Screening, Primary care physicians

Abstract

Dementia is one the commonest age-related illness that severe impact on the quality of life among the sufferers and their caregivers. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dementia screening and associated factors among primary care physicians. This was a cross sectional postal based questionnaire that was adapted from a study in Canada. The questionnaire contains sections on demographic profile, years of practice, perception to cognitive screening, methods of assessing mental status and barriers to screening for cognitive impairment. Data analysis was done with SPSS v23.0. The response rate was 53.3%. 35 or 18.8% of GPs in our study perform routine screening for dementia for patient above the age of 65. It was found that physicians belonging to Indian Ethnic and other ethnic group had a 3.25- and 8.66-times higher odds of performing the screening test as compared to physicians from the Malay ethnic group, respectively (p=0.033 and p=0.010, respectively). It was also found that those that practiced in an urban location had 3.79 higher odds of performing dementia screening as compared to those practicing in a rural location(p=0.003). The prevalence of routine dementia screening was low. Factors identified as barrier to active screening of dementia should be tackled proactively to enable early diagnosis and optimisation of treatment.

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Published

2023-12-28

How to Cite

Abdulshakur, Z., Tajudin, T. R., Mon Kyaw, T., Yusof, A. H. K., Abdul Rashid, A., & Devaraj, N. K. (2023). PERSPECTIVE OF MALAYSIAN GENERAL PRACTITIONERS AND FAMILY PHYSICIANS TOWARDS ROUTINE SCREENING FOR DEMENTIA. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 23(3), 181–189. Retrieved from https://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/2213