• Mohd Shaiful Ehsan Shalihin Department of Family Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, 25200, Kuantan, Pahang.
  • Zati Sabrina Zubaidi Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, UiTM Selangor Branch, Sungai Buloh Campus, 47000, Sungai Buloh, Selangor.
  • Hassan Basri Mukhali Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Medical Campus, Jalan Sultan Mahmud. 20400 Kuala Terengganu Terengganu
  • Mohd Aznan Md Aris Department of Family Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, 25200, Kuantan, Pahang.
  • Ahmad Marzuki Omar Department of Internal Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, 25200, Kuantan, Pahang.
  • Edre Mohammad Aidid Department of Community Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, 25200, Kuantan, Pahang.
  • Abdullah Fauzi Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Melaka, Jalan Business City, Melaka International Trade Centre, 75450 Melaka.
  • Nurul Afiqah Fauzi Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Melaka, Jalan Business City, Melaka International Trade Centre, 75450 Melaka.
  • Azrul Aziz Abdul Aziz Hospital Tengku Anis, Jalan Pasir Puteh - Tok Bali, Kota Bharu, 16800 Pasir Puteh, Kelantan.




Quality of life, Diabetes control, Elderly, Districts


The older population is increasing in numbers worldwide. Most of them have multiple comorbidities including diabetes. The diabetic control in elderly is usually challenging. Their quality of life and socioeconomic condition either in rural or urban area could affect their disease progress. This study aims to measure the diabetic control and its associated factors, including quality of life among the older population with diabetes in three different districts of Malaysia. The patients’ health and background details were recorded. Validated Malay version of diabetes quality of life questionnaire was used. 485 elderly diabetic patients were recruited based on two proportion formula comprising all clinics in those districts representing urban vs rural area. Data were analyzed using simple and multiple logistic regression for the association. Only 30.5% of the patients have good diabetic control with patients in Kuala Terengganu district achieved better sugar control (p < 0.001). However, the only significant diabetic control predictor is the quality of life of the elderly patients (OR = 1.32, CI 1.047 – 1.224). Level of diabetes control in these three districts are poor, concomitant with the poor control of the elderly non-communicable disease profiles. It is essential to embark on holistic approach in dealing with the elderly diabetic management and identify measures to improve quality of life in those with poor glycaemic control in order to have better disease outcome.


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How to Cite

Shalihin, M. S. E., Zubaidi, Z. S., Mukhali, H. B., Md Aris, M. A., Omar, A. M., Mohammad Aidid, E., … Abdul Aziz, A. A. (2023). QUALITY OF LIFE AND GLYCAEMIC CONTROL AMONG OLDER POPULATION WITH DIABETES IN THREE DISTRICTS OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 23(2), 264–272. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.23/no.2/art.2162