KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES TOWARD ROAD SAFETY AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES-COLLEGE OF MEDICINE
Keywords:Knowledge, attitude, practices, road safety
Road traffic injury is a growing public health concern that has already caught the attention of governments and health professionals worldwide. The objectives of this study were to determine the knowledge and attitude toward road traffic regulations of medical students of the University of the Philippines-College of Medicine (UPCM) and their association with road safety practices. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2016 among UPCM medical students. Questionnaire was developed based on national laws on traffic and adopted from related literature. Data were analyzed using T-test and chi-square at 95% confidence interval utilizing software STATA V12. Among the 156 drivers who were included in the study, 89(57.05%) were men, mean age= 22.31 + 1.94, and 85 (54.49%) were involved in road traffic crash. Low overall safe driving knowledge, attitude and practices were reported while knowledge and attitude did not correlate with practice (p> 0.005). Being older was the only demographic characteristic which had significant association (p= 0.0028) with safe knowledge toward road safety while attitude on speeding (p < 0.001) and use of seat belt (p =0.007) showed significant correlations to acceptable practices on the road. Strict and consistent enforcement of traffic rules are therefore recommended.
M. Peden and et al, "WHO Report on Road Traffic Injury," WHO, Generva, 2004.
"WHO Road traffic injuries. Fact sheet," 2016.
S. Jafarpour and V. Rahimi-Movaghar, "Determinants of risky driving behavior: a narrative review," Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, vol. 28, no. 142, 2014 (6 December).
"Top causes of road accidents in the Philippines," MoneyMax.ph, 2014.
S. Suret, "Road safety issues in Malaysia.Symposium on Road Safety," Malaysia, 2001.
M. Akaateba and R. Amoh-Gyimah, "Driver attitude towards traffic safety violations and risk taking behaviour in Kumasi: the gender and age dim3," International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering, vol. 3, no. 4, 2013.
L. Martinussen, Facilitating improved road safety based on increased knowledge about driving behaviour and profiling sub-groups of drivers, DTU Transport, 2013.
A. Tajvar, M. Yekaninejad, T. Aghamolaei, S. Shahrak, A. Madani and L. Omidi, "Knowledge, attitudes, and practice of drivers towards traffic regulations in Bandar-Abbas, Iran," Electronic physician, vol. 7, no. 8, December 2015.
Y. Al-Khaldi, "Attitude and practice towards road traffic regulations among students of health sciences college in Aseer region.," J Family Community Med, vol. 13, no. 3, 2006.
R. Mirzaei, N. Hafezi-Nejad, M. Sabagh, A. Moghaddam, V. Eslami and F. Rakhshani, "Dominant role of drivers’ attitude in prevention of road traffic crashes: A study on knowledge, attitude, and practice of drivers in Iran," Accid Annal Prev, vol. 66, 2014.
D. Twisk and S. Colin, "Trends in young driver risk and countermeasures in European countries," Journal of Safety Research, 2007.
M. Yunesian and A. Moradi, "Knowledge, attitude and practice of drivers regarding traffic regulations in Tehran," J Sch Publ Health Inst Publ Health Res, vol. 3, no. 3, 2005.
D. S.-C. N. &. H. J. Fergusson, "Risky driving behaviour in young people: prevalence, personal characteristics and traffic accidents," 17. Fergusson, D., Swain-Campbell N., & Horwood, J. (2003).Risky driAust N Z J Public Health, vol. 27, 2003.
M. Gonzales, L. Dickinson, C. DiGuiseppi and S. Lowenstein, "Student drivers: a study of fatal motor vehicle crashes involving 16-year-old drivers," Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 45, no. 2, 2005.
M. Keall, W. Frith and T. Patterson, "The influence of alcohol, age and number of passengers on the night-time risk of driver fatal injury in New Zealand," Accid Anal Prev, vol. 36, 2004.
G. Maycock, "Novice Driver Accidents and the Driving Test. UK: Transportation Research Laboratory, TRL report TRL527.," 2002.
J. Fell, T. Baker and Mcknight, "Increasing Teen Safety Belt Use: A Program and Literature Review," 2005.
J. Broughton and J. Hill, "Mobile Phone Use by Drivers.," 2005.
S. Baker and K. Spina, "Drivers’ attitudes, awareness and knowledge of driver distractions: research from two central Sydney communities.," in Paper presented at: International Conference on Driver Distraction; June 2–3, 2005; Sydney, Australia TRL report TRL634., 2005.
A. Williams, "Teenage drivers: patterns of risk..," J Safety Res, vol. 34, 2003.
V. Kulkarni, T. Kanchan, C. Palanivel, M. Papanna, N. Kumar and B. Unnikrishnan, "Awareness and practice of road safety measures among undergraduate medical students in a South Indian state.," Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, vol. 20, 2013.
D. Lalitha, S. Naidu and D. Madhavi, "A study on knowledge attitude and practice of road safety measures among college students in Visakhapatnam city," Journal of Evidence based Medicine and Healthcare, vol. 2, no. 42, 2015.
T. Reang and A. Tripura, "Road Safety: Knowledge, practice and determinants among undergraduate medical students of Agartala Government Medical College & Govinda Ballabh Pant Hospital," International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, vol. 3, no. 8, 2014.
"RA 4136 “Land Transportation and Traffic Code”".
"RA 8750 "Seat Belts Use Act of 1999"".
"RA 10586“Anti-Drunk and Drugged Driving Act of 2013".
A. Redhwan and A. Karim, "Knowledge, attitude and practice towards road traffic regulations among university students, Malaysia.," The International Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 9, no. 2, 2010.
M. Sivak and B. Schoettle, "Update: Percentage of young persons with driver's license continues to drop," Traffic Inj Prev, vol. 13, pp. 213-18, 2012.
S. Sabbour and J. Ibrahim, "Driving behaviour, driver style and road traffic accidents among young medical group," Inj Prev, vol. 16, 2010.