ORAL HEALTH STATUS IN GROUPS OF AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN BASRAH: CASE-CONTROL STUDY

ORAL HEALTH STATUS IN AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN BASRAH, IRAQ

Authors

  • Sarah A. Haji University of Basrah, College of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Basrah, Iraq
  • Hiyam S. Ahmed University of Basrah, College of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontic and Preventive, Basrah, Iraq.
  • Sarah W. Al-Abbasi University of Basrah, College of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontic and Preventive, Basrah, Iraq.
  • Halah Abbas Hussein University of Basrah, College of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Basrah, Iraq

Keywords:

oral health, autism, children, management and dental caries.

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro-development disorder. autistic Individuals may have difficulty receiving dental care since they frequently feel anxious in a dental office. The dentist must often modify clinical procedures and employ behaviour management techniques to fit each patient's needs. This study aimed to describe the oral health status of individuals with ASD.The study involved an equal number of cases (ASD) and controls. They were matched in terms of age and gender. Each group comprised 31 individuals, 21 (67.7%) males, and 10 (32.3%) females with a male-to-female ratio of 2:1. The range of age is between  4 to 15 years. The summation of decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth  (DMFT) and the primary teeth (dmft), represented by DMFT/dmft, gingival indices, plaque indices, calculus indices, and simplified oral hygiene indices, were estimated for each group. This study's results revealed a statistically significant difference in plaque index as well as calculus index. However, no significant statistical difference was observed for gingival index, dmft, and DMFT in cases and control. Also, no significant statistical difference was observed between dmft and DMFT in males and females. Conclusion: It seems that autistic individuals have fair to poor dental health at higher rates than individuals without autism, with a statistically significant difference. Numerous factors impact how well autistic youngsters maintain their oral hygiene. Therefore, parents, schools, and dentists must be aware of this fact and advocate improving these kids' oral hygiene and getting them the necessary dental care.

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Published

2024-05-26

How to Cite

Haji, S. A., Ahmed, H. S. ., Al-Abbasi, S. W. ., & Hussein, H. A. . (2024). ORAL HEALTH STATUS IN GROUPS OF AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN BASRAH: CASE-CONTROL STUDY: ORAL HEALTH STATUS IN AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN BASRAH, IRAQ. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 24(1), 1–7. Retrieved from https://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/1903