• Rafiah Maharani Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia
  • Helda Helda Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia
  • M. Ikhsan Amar Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health, Universitas Pembangungan Nasional Veteran Jakarta




Risk factors, Hypertension, Women, Indonesia


Indonesia is one of the countries with the highest cases of hypertension, namely 34.1% of the population in Southeast Asia, This study further elaborates the hypertension prevalence in Indonesian women older than 15 years with their modifiable risk factors. This study uses data from the Indonesia Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2018 with a cross-sectional study design and total sampling method. The data were analysis further by chi-square test and multiple logistic regression (a = 0,05) in relation to their modifiable risk factors. The risk factors covered were age, contraception use, level of education, smoking behaviour, alcohol consumption, unhealthy food consumption, underweight BMI, fat-based BMI and stress. The data processing resulted in that age provides (p = <0.001; POR=1.883), contraception type (p = <0.001; POR=1.007), education (p = <0.001; POR=1.478), smoke (p = < 0.001; POR=0.867), alcohol consumption behaviour (p = <0.001; POR=0.879), risky food consumption behaviour (p = <0.001; POR=1.120), BMI underweight category (p = <0.001; POR=0.536), BMI category fat (p = <0.001; POR = 2.245), and stress (p = <0.001; POR = 0.942) had a significant relationship with the incidence of hypertension in Indonesian women older than 15 years. It was found that the fat-based BMI factor was the significant prevalence of hypertension occurring in Indonesian women older than 15 years.


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How to Cite

Maharani, R., Helda Helda, & M. Ikhsan Amar. (2022). RISK FACTORS FOR HYPERTENSION INCIDENCE AMONG WOMEN IN INDONESIA. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 22(3), 310–318. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.22/no.3/art.1688