RISK FACTORS OF INFERTILITY IN A WOMAN: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY
The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors for infertility women compared with fertility women in Sakaka Saudi Arabia. We conducted a case-control study at the Obstetrics and Gynecology department of Maternity and Children Hospital (MCH) in Sakaka from December 2020 to December 2021. A total of one hundred women among fifty infertile (case group) and fifty fertility women (control group) who had normal menstrual cycles (range 28- 30 days) and having children, were enrolled in this study. Data were collected by the method of a pre-structured questionnaire and laboratory reports. Data were also included age, body weight, and details history of menstrual, ovarian, and hormonal disorders. All collected data were entered into a datasheet for analysis of risk factors by using of SPSS 20.00 version with a chi-square test for data comparison and association using Odds ratio and logistic regression. The present study reveals the significant risk factors for primary infertility in a woman including duration of menstrual cycles, Hyperprolactinemia 26%, obesity 48%, ovarian dysfunctions 44%, and thyroid disorders 28%. Early detection of associated risk factors may reduce the rate of infertility and improve fertility by prevention and appropriate treatment.
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