THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF EPILEPTIC PATIENTS AND THE QUALITY OF LIFE
Keywords:quality of life, QOLIE-89, Mosul, epilepsy
This is a descriptive correlation study was applied in out-patient of Ibn-Sina Teaching hospital in City of Mosul-Iraq, to determine the quality of life of epileptic patients. 111 patients with at least one epileptic episode in their lifetime, were evaluated with weighted self-report questionnaire QOLIE-89. Of the participants, the majority were women (59.5%), had completed secondary education (56.8%) and 46% of them were housewife. The most common type of seizures recorded were simple focal seizures, with a rate of 59.5%. It was found to have a high score on all subscales of the QOLIE-89 questionnaire, which indicates the existence of a high quality of life, while a positive significant the subscales were correlated with each other. In addition, their individual characteristics were not significantly related to overall quality of life. Finally, no significant effect of some characteristics, individual or those related to their medical history on the overall quality of life was found (p> 0.05). The quality of life of epilepsy patients was found to be high, while it is not related or influenced by their characteristics, their individual or those of their medical history. These findings, however, promote the effort to improve the management of these individuals through a better understanding of the degree of satisfaction of their lives by clinicians and for this reason it is proposed to conduct further studies on the subject.
Asadi-Pooya AA, Brigo F, Kozlowska K, Perez DL, Pretorius C, Sawchuk T, Saxena A, Tolchin B, Valente KD. Social aspects of life in patients with functional seizures: Closing the gap in the biopsychosocial formulation. Epilepsy & Behavior 117:107903, 2021.
Ashwin M, Rakesh P, Pricilla RA, Manjunath K, Jacob K, Prasad J. Determinants of quality of life among people with epilepsy attending a secondary care rural hospita in south india. Journal of neurosciences in rural practice 4(S 01):S62-S66, 2013.
Baker GA, Brooks J, Buck D, Jacoby A. The stigma of epilepsy: A european perspective. Epilepsia 41(1):98-104, 2000.
Baker GA, Jacoby A, Buck D, Stalgis C, Monnet D. Quality of life of people with epilepsy: A european study. Epilepsia 38(3):353-362, 1997.
Baker GA, Jacoby A, Gorry J, Doughty J, Ellina V, Group S. Quality of life of people with epilepsy in iran, the gulf, and near east. Epilepsia 46(1):132-140, 2005.
Bilal A, Ullah MK, Fatima A, Iqbal K, Khan MS, Nawaz K, Ali U, Qamer SA, Sarfarz A. Epilepsy: A systematic review.
Brunbech L, Sabers A. Effect of antiepileptic drugs on cognitive function in individuals with epilepsy. Drugs 62(4):593-604, 2002.
Chaturvedi J, Rao MB, Arivazhagan A, Sinha S, Mahadevan A, Chowdary MR, Raghavendra K, Shreedhara A, Pruthi N, Saini J. Epilepsy surgery for focal cortical dysplasia: Seizure and quality of life (qolie-89) outcomes. Neurology India 66(6):1655, 2018.
Choi‐Kwon S, Chung C, Kim H, Lee S, Yoon S, Kho H, Oh J, Lee S. Factors affecting the quality of life in patients with epilepsy in seoul, south korea. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 108(6):428-434, 2003.
Doughty J, Baker GA, Jacoby A, Lavaud V. Cross‐cultural differences in levels of knowledge about epilepsy. Epilepsia 44(1):115-123, 2003.
Guekht A, Brodie M, Secco M, Li S, Volkers N, Wiebe S. The road to a world health organization global action plan on epilepsy and other neurological disorders. Epilepsia 62(5):1057-1063, 2021.
Guekht AB, Mitrokhina TV, Lebedeva AV, Dzugaeva FK, Milchakova LE, Lokshina OB, Feygina AA, Gusev EI. Factors influencing on quality of life in people with epilepsy. Seizure 16(2):128-133, 2007.
Kassie AM, Abate BB, Kassaw MW, Getie A, Wondmieneh A, Tegegne KM, Ahmed M. Quality of life and its associated factors among epileptic patients attending public hospitals in north wollo zone, northeast ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. PloS one 16(2):e0247336, 2021.
Kinyanjui DW, Kathuku DM, Mburu JM. Quality of life among patients living with epilepsy attending the neurology clinic at kenyatta national hospital, nairobi, kenya: A comparative study. Health and quality of life outcomes 11(1):1-9, 2013.
Kobau R, Zahran H, Grant D, Thurman DJ, Price PH, Zack MM. Prevalence of active epilepsy and health‐related quality of life among adults with self‐reported epilepsy in california: California health interview survey, 2003. Epilepsia 48(10):1904-1913, 2007.
Marchetti RL, de Castro APW, Daltio CS, Cremonese E, Ramos JMP, Neto JG. Attitudes of brazilian psychiatrists toward people with epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior 5(6):999-1004, 2004.
McLaughlin DP, Pachana NA, Mcfarland K. Stigma, seizure frequency and quality of life: The impact of epilepsy in late adulthood. Seizure 17(3):281-287, 2008.
Meador KJ. Research use of the new quality‐of‐life in epilepsy inventory. Epilepsia 34:S34-S38, 1993.
Mohamed I, Mohamed S. Quality of life among adolescents with epilepsy: An outpatient based study, khartoum, sudan. Khartoum Medical Journal 13(02):1714-1721, 2020.
Mrabet H, Mrabet A, Zouari B, Ghachem R. Health‐related quality of life of people with epilepsy compared with a general reference population: A tunisian study. Epilepsia 45(7):838-843, 2004.
Mroueh L, Boumediene F, Jost J, Ratsimbazafy V, Preux P-M, Salameh P, Al-Hajje A. Quality of life and stigma in lebanese people with epilepsy taking medication. Epilepsy Research 167:106437, 2020.
Nabukenya AM, Matovu JK, Wabwire-Mangen F, Wanyenze RK, Makumbi F. Health-related quality of life in epilepsy patients receiving anti-epileptic drugs at national referral hospitals in uganda: A cross-sectional study. Health and quality of life outcomes 12(1):1-8, 2014.
Ortinski P, Meador KJ. Cognitive side effects of antiepileptic drugs. Epilepsy & Behavior 5:60-65, 2004.
Picot M-C, Crespel A, Daurès J-P, Baldy-Moulinier M, Hasnaoui AE. Psychometric validation of the french version of the quality of life in epilepsy inventory (qolie-31): Comparison with a generic health-related quality of life questionnaire. Epileptic Disorders 6(4):275-285, 2004.
Rawlings GH, Brown I, Reuber M. Predictors of health-related quality of life in patients with epilepsy and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. Epilepsy & behavior 68:153-158, 2017.
Reuber M, Roberts NA, Levita L, Gray C, Myers L. Shame in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizure: A narrative review. Seizure 2021.
Riasi H, Sanati AR, Ghaemi K. The stigma of epilepsy and its effects on marital status. Springerplus 3(1):1-6, 2014.
Saadi A, Patenaude B, Mateen FJ. Quality of life in epilepsy—31 inventory (qolie-31) scores: A global comparison. Epilepsy & Behavior 65:13-17, 2016.
Shetty PH, Punith K, Naik RK, Saroja A. Quality of life in patients with epilepsy in india. Journal of neurosciences in rural practice 2(01):033-038, 2011.
Stavem K, Bjørnes H, Lossius MI. Reliability and validity of a norwegian version of the quality of life in epilepsy inventory (qolie‐89). Epilepsia 41(1):91-97, 2000.
Suurmeijer TP, Reuvekamp MF, Aldenkamp BP. Social functioning, psychological functioning, and quality of life in epilepsy. Epilepsia 42(9):1160-1168, 2001.
Tatum WO, Mani J, Jin K, Halford JJ, Gloss D, Fahoum F, Maillard L, Mothersill I, Beniczky S. Minimum standards for inpatient long-term video-eeg monitoring: A clinical practice guideline of the international league against epilepsy and international federation of clinical neurophysiology. Clinical Neurophysiology 2021.
Taylor RS, Sander JW, Taylor RJ, Baker GA. Predictors of health‐related quality of life and costs in adults with epilepsy: A systematic review. Epilepsia 52(12):2168-2180, 2011.
Viteva E. Impact of social factors on the quality of life of patients with refractory epilepsy. Acta Neurol Taiwan 22(2):51-58, 2013.
Zhao Y, Wu H, Li J, Dong Y, Liang J, Zhu J, Chen B, Li J. Quality of life and related factors in adult patients with epilepsy in china. Epilepsy & Behavior 22(2):376-379, 2011.