GENDER-WISE COMPARISON OF ORAL HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG ELDERLY PEOPLE IN THE JEPARA DISTRICT, INDONESIA
Elderly people have decreased physical and functional abilities, which can cause oral health problems. Men and women have different oral health conditions. Elderly men experience periodontal disease more often, while elderly women experience a higher incidence of tooth loss. Oral health can affect the quality of life of the elderly population. It means that elderly men and women also have different levels of OHRQoL. The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) questionnaire is a tool used to measure oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in elderly people. This study aimed to determine differences in OHRQoL among elderly men and women in Jepara District, Indonesia. By purposive sampling method, 180 respondents aged ≥60 years were enrolled in this study. Data were collected using an online OHIP-14 questionnaire made through an online survey. A low score indicates the individual's high OHRQoL. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test followed by a logistic regression test. As result, elderly men tended to have better OHRQoL than elderly women. Elderly men and women have good OHRQoL conditions, and the lowest score was recorded in the social disability domain. No significant association was found between OHRQoL and gender (p = 0.051; OR 1.525). However, elderly women tend to have poor psychological discomfort about their oral health condition. Further research could be carried out by using oral clinical status.
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