KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS OF NURSES IN GIVING BLOOD TRANSFUSION AT KOTA BHARU HOSPITAL

  • Yong NT School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
  • Tengku MN School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
  • Nurul AH School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
  • Mukkaramah CA General Hospital, Kata Bharu
  • Ilunihayati I General Hospital, Kata Bharu
Keywords: Blood transfusion, knowledge of blood transfusion, practice of blood transfusion, trained nurse, safety, Kelantan

Abstract

Risks of transfusion increase with the increase in the number and volume of transfusions occurring in hospitals year after year. Knowledge and practice of the nurses on proper transfusion techniques and risk reduction procedures should always be updated to ensure that transfusions are safely carried out. The study was done to determine the levels of knowledge and practice of trained nurses regarding blood transfusion in a general hospital. The study is a cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire, distributed to all staff nurses in the medical-based wards and intensive care unit (ICU) in the hospital. The total score were added for each category of knowledge and practice. Ninety one percent of the total population of staff nurses in medical based wards and ICU were recruited into the study. A score of 80% or more in the knowledge and score of 100% is required for practice to consider it as a pass. The outcome of the study showed that no one respondent in the study has achieved the required level, with regard to neither knowledge nor practice. The mean knowledge score was 54.8 with S.D. of 9.9; while the mean practice score was 63 .8 with S.D. of 1.4. It was found that there was no relationship between knowledge score, nor practice score with the clinical postings ( place of work) , work experience, and nursing qualification. This survey had indicated problems faced by the nursing population in the hospital studied that there was a need to improve knowledge and practice levels with regards to blood transfusion procedure. It is crucial that updated information concerning transfusions be communicated to these nurses since they were the ones who carry out the procedures whilst continuously observing the patients during transfusion,

References

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Published
2004-09-01
How to Cite
Yong NT, Tengku MN, Nurul AH, Mukkaramah CA, & Ilunihayati I. (2004). KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS OF NURSES IN GIVING BLOOD TRANSFUSION AT KOTA BHARU HOSPITAL. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 4(2), 39-44. Retrieved from https://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/1333
Section
Articles