THE PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF MALNUTRITION AMONG PRIMARY ONE SCHOOLCHILDREN IN TUMPAT AND BACHOK, KELANTAN

  • Che Asiah T Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • Zulkifli A Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • Mohd Hashim MH Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • Halim S Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Keywords: malnutrition, stunting, underweight, wasting, Kelantan

Abstract

A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and some associated factors among primary one schoolchildren aged 7 years from rural areas of Tumpat and Bachok in Kelantan was carried out. A total of 922 children from 18 primary schools were examined. The parents completed self-administered questionnaires eliciting demographic and socio-economic information. The weight and height of each child was taken. The nutritional status was assessed by the z-scores of weight-for-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ). The prevalence of underweight was 25 .2%, stunting was 21 .1 % and wasting was 6 .2%. Less than 1 .0% of the children were overweight. Risk factors of underweight were being a male (OR=l .4), having an unemployed father (OR=2.6) and a monthly family income of RM 251-500 (OR=2.0). Being a male (OR=l .6) was the only risk factor for stunting and working mother (OR=2.0) was the only risk factor of wasting. In conclusion, there is still a high prevalence of undernutrition among primary one schoolchildren in rural areas of Tum pat and Bachok. This may be due to the poor socioeconomic status of the rural community and the lack of emphasis of the supplementary feeding program on the late preschool children. A comprehensive nutrition support program is essential, especially targeting the preschool children in these rural communities

References

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Published
2004-03-01
How to Cite
Che Asiah T, Zulkifli A, Mohd Hashim MH, & Halim S. (2004). THE PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF MALNUTRITION AMONG PRIMARY ONE SCHOOLCHILDREN IN TUMPAT AND BACHOK, KELANTAN . Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 4(1), 66-71. Retrieved from https://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/1323
Section
Articles