• Balkis AK State Health Department, 20920 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
  • Zahari CD State Health Department, 20920 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu



HIV antenatal screening, HIV prevalence, antenatal characteristic, perinatal outcome, vertical transmission


National Antenatal HIV Screening Programme has been integrated as a routine screening in antenatal care in early 1998 and in Terengganu since May 1998 involving all health centers in the state. As of December 2001, a total number of 57,882 antenatal mothers were screened (97.5% of all new antenatal mothers). The HIV prevalence rate among antenatal mothers was found to be 0.052%. All HIV positive mothers were married and majority were Malays (93.3%). Ninety percents of them revealed that the only risk factor for HIV was through sexual contact. HIV positive status was confirrned in 66 .7% of the husbands. All twenty eight mothers that managed to be followed up delivered to live birth babies. All newborns reported to have good Apgar score (9 at 5 minutes of life). Mean birth weight was 3 .08 kilograms ± 0.45 and only 8% were premature babies. The observed rate of HIV vertical transmission was 6.25% and this is lower than the expected mother to child transmission rate of 30% without intervention.


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2. Ministry of Health of Malaysia, Guideline : HIV Screening for Antenatal Mothers. 1998.

3. AIDS Action Committee, Ministry of Health of Malaysia. First National Consensus Guideline on Antiretroviral Therapy. October 1998.

4. Ministry of Health of Malaysia. Report on Antenatal HIV Screening Programme. 2001, unpublished.

5. Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Terengganu. Laporan T ahunan. 1997.

6. Ministry of Health of Malaysia. Consensus Report on ST!, HIV & AIDS Epidemiology Malaysia. April 2001.

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9. Ministry of Health of Malaysia. Antenatal HIV Screening Programme in Health Clinic 1998 -1999. Malaysia's Health 2000.

10. World Health Organization. HIV in Pregnancy: A Review. 1999: AIDS/STD Prevention and Control Unit, Terengganu State Health Department.




How to Cite

Balkis AK, & Zahari CD. (2003). HIV PREVALENCE AMONG ANTENATAL MOTHERS IN TERENGGANU . Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 3(2), 48–52.