COPING STRATEGIES, SELF-EFFICACY, AND PERCEPTION AMONG FAMILY CAREGIVERS FOR POST-STROKE SURVIVORS IN INDONESIA
Family caregivers experience stress and burden while caring for post-stroke survivors. Coping strategies are needed to deal with the stress, especially problem emotional-focused coping. The stress adaptation model states that coping was influenced by self-efficacy. Meanwhile, ABC Hill model explained that perception also had effects on coping. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors that affected coping among family caregivers for post-stroke survivors, especially self-efficacy and caregiver perception. This study used cross-sectional design and also used self-report questionnaire. It was conducted from October 2020 – April 2021. Sample of this study was family members who take care the family member with post-stroke, and the post-stroke survivors already post hospitalized between 6 months to 3 years. Total sample was 200 family caregivers in 7 health care centers, Tomohon City, Indonesia. We used PLS to estimate the hypothesized fit with the data. T statistic was used to include or exclude the hypotheses (t-statistic >1.96). All path coefficients were significant. Self-efficacy had a positive effect on problem emotional-focused coping (β= 0.177; t-value= 0.030, R2=0.078). In addition, the caregiver perception had a positive effect on problem emotional-focused coping (β= 0.188, t-value = 2.248, R2=0.175). Managing self-efficacy and perception among caregivers are needed to improve problem emotional-focused coping
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