RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY AMONG NON INSULIN DEPENDENT PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED CITY HALL'S STAFF CLINIC IN KUALA LUMPUR

  • Umi Ahmad Department of Community Healt,h, Faculty of Medicine, UKM, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur
  • Md. Idris Mohd Nor Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, UKM, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar  Tun Razak, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur
  • Osman Ali Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, UKM, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar  Tun Razak, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), nephropathy, risk factors

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus and its main complication, nephropathy, affects the economic wellbeing and quality of life of the sufferers and the population. A matched case control study was conducted in September 1998 to investigate the factors involved with nephropathy such as diabetic control, smoking, hypertension, family history of diabetes and  diabetic duration.   Respondents   were  classified   based  on   the   presence   of  microalbuminuria   or macroalbuminuria. Seventy-two  pairs  of  case  and  control  were  studied.  Duration  of  diabetes  (p  = 0.005), presence of lethargy and weakness prior to diabetes diagnosis (p = 0.019), duration of smoking (p = 0.014), duration of hypertension (p= 0.000), systolic hypertension (p= 0.025), uncontrolled diabetes with poor HbAlc level (p= 0.026) and lack of diabetes knowledge (p = 0.037) were factors which related significantly to nephropathy by univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, systolic hypertension (p = 0.0015), lack of diabetes knowledge (p = 0.0197), presence of lethargy symptom (p = 0.0027), prolonged diabetic duration (p = 0.0301) and higher body mass indices ( p = 0.0213) were predictors to diabetic nephropathy.

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Published
2001-06-01
How to Cite
Umi Ahmad, Md. Idris Mohd Nor, & Osman Ali. (2001). RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY AMONG NON INSULIN DEPENDENT PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED CITY HALL’S STAFF CLINIC IN KUALA LUMPUR. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 1(1), 16-21. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.1/no.1/art.1216
Section
Articles