UNDERSTANDING EPIDEMIOLOGY AND HEALTH BURDEN FROM COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A REVIEW OF GLOBAL CASE REPORTS IN THE EARLY PANDEMIC PERIOD

  • Kraiwuth Kallawicha College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University
  • Wanich Suksatan Faculty of Nursing, HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science, Chulabhorn Royal Academy, Bangkok, Thailand; Saint Louis University, Trudy Busch-Valentine School of Nursing, St. Louis, Missouri, USA
  • Anchalee Prasansuklab College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Titaporn Luangwilai College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Sudkhed Detpetukyon College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Tingting Chen College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Anuchit Phanumartwiwath College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Pramon Viwattanakulvanid College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Keywords: Corona virus, COVID-19, pandemic, epidemiology, adverse health outcomes

Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected people globally. In many countries, the situation is getting worse with the rapid transmission of COVID-19. The daily incidence is drastically increasing. In this review, we aim to summarise epidemiological information and adverse health outcomes of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infections. The major outcomes are described based on information from the literature and hospital reports. COVID-19 has affected individuals both physiologically and psychologically. The physiological effect on human health includes respiratory distress, pneumonia, cardiac injury, kidney failure, nervous system symptoms, and gastrointestinal symptoms. The psychological effect was observed in patients, health care workers, and the general population in the community. This review could be a source of clinical information on COVID-19 for physicians, researchers, and the general population for further studies to deal with this pandemic.

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Published
2022-04-28
How to Cite
Kallawicha, K., Suksatan, W., Prasansuklab , A., Luangwilai, T., Detpetukyon, S., Chen, T., Phanumartwiwath, A., & Viwattanakulvanid, P. (2022). UNDERSTANDING EPIDEMIOLOGY AND HEALTH BURDEN FROM COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A REVIEW OF GLOBAL CASE REPORTS IN THE EARLY PANDEMIC PERIOD. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 22(1), 205-212. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.22/no.1/art.1151