• Nanik Setiyawati Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta Indonesia
  • Niken Meilani Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta
Keywords: housewives, knowledge, attitude, belief HIV test



HIV testing becomes one of the standard components of mother and child health and family planning services at every level of health care. Increase case oh HIV among Housewives. There are 67% of pregnant women supported HIV test, but only 24% who tested HIV. This study aims to know the factors that influence the housewife attitude toward HIV testing in Yogyakarta which includes knowledge, mother’s belief in HIV testing, belief the attitude of her husband, friend and community leaders. This research is correlational analytic with cross sectional design.  The sample are 350 housewives in Yogya City and Sleman district that already implemented Prevention Mother to Child Transmission for HIV program. Analysis data use chi square and logistic regression. The result is majority of respondents: mothers aged >35 years, secundipara, education level is middle, husband's work as an employee and family income above the regional minimum income standard. Majority respondents have a good knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing, supportive attitudes toward HIV testing and have high belief in HIV testing from husband's attitudes and community leader’s attitude. Respondents’ belief that the attitude of friends did not support HIV testing for them. The majority have a supportive attitude to HIV testing are have a good knowledge of HIV/AIDS, have high belief in HIV testing, have high belief in the attitudes of husbands, friends and community leaders. The most factors influence on mother's attitude toward HIV testing is mother belief in her husband's attitude


Sidibe M. Women and Girls, HIV and AIDS. Global Information and Education on HIV and AIDS. 2019. Available from http://www.avert.org/women-and-hivaids.htm

Ministry of Health Department of Indonesia. Cases of HIV AIDS 2015. Available from https://www.spiritia.or.id . Accessed 2016

KPA DIY Data reported until September 2015 Available from http://aidsyogya.or.id/2016/data-hiv-aids/data-kasus-hiv-aids-sd-sept-2015/ .

Ministry of Health RI, National Action Plan for Prevention of HIV Transmission from Mother to Child (PPIA) Indonesia 2013-2017. Ministry of Health, 2013

Ministry of Health RI. National Guidelines for Prevention of HIV Transmission from Mother to Child (PPAI). 2012

Setiyawati N, Meilani M. Determinant of HIV testing behavior among pregnant women. Kesmas National Public Health Journal. 2015; 9 ( 3 ): 201-206

Available from http://journal.fkm.ui.ac.id/kesmas/article/view/565

Suresh p, Asha B. The Knowledge and Attitude of Married Women against HIV / AIDS in an urban community of BelgaumnCity, Karnataka-A cross sectionel study. I nternationla Journal of Interdisciplinary and Mu ltidisciplinary Studies (IJIMS). 2014; 1 ( 5 ): 337-343 . Available from http://www.ijims.com

Bandura, A., Social foundations of thought and action : a social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. 1986

Sarkar R, M Danabalan, GA Kumar. Knowledge and attitude on HIV / AIDS among married women of reproduction age attending a teaching hospital. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2007 : 32 (1 ): 82-83 . Available from http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2007/32/1/82/53416

Setiyawati N, Shaluhiyah Z, Cahyo K. Sikap Ibu Rumah Tangga terhadap tes HIV/AIDS di Sleman Yogyakarta. Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 9 No 1 Januari 2014. Avalilable from: https://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/jpki/article/view/12692

Colman, Andrew "Theory of Reasoned Action". A Dictionary of Psychology. 2015

Atilola GO, Akpa OM. A cross-sectional survey on the knowledge, attitude, risk behavior and beliefs of truckers. Journal of infection and public health. 2010; 3 ( 4 ): 166-178.

Available from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876034110000730

Octavianty L, Rahayu A, Rosadi D, Rahman F. Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Pencegahan HIV/AIDS pada Ibu Rumah Tangga. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat KESMA. Vol 11 No 1 2019. Available from: https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/kemas/article/view/3464

Asmaruddin, Misyati, Nugraheni, Sri Achadi, Siti Fatimah. Factors Affecting Mother Household's Readiness to Implement HIV Testing (Study in Working Area of Singojuruh Public Health Center of Banyuwangi Regency , UNDIP 2016. Downloaded from http://eprints.undip.ac.id/47378/

Manjrekar S, Sherkane M, Chowti J. Perceptions and Outlook towards HIV / AIDS among the reproductive age group of urban slum population. International Juonal of Medical Science and Public Health. 2014; 3 ( 7 ) . Available from http://www.ijmsph.com/

Kotecha PV, Patel S. Measuring knowledge about HIV among youth: Baseline survey for urban slums of Vadodara. Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2008; 29 (2): 68-72

AIDS and Anthropology Bulletin Vol 12 Issue 1. February 2000. http://aarg.medanthro.net/newsletters/2000/aarg_vol_12_no_1.pdf

Haghdoost, Navazendeh S. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of pregnant women in respect of prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV/AIDS at a selected antenatal clinic in Durban, South Africa. University of Kwazulu-Natal Research Space. 2015. Avalilable form: http://ukzn-dspace.ukzn.ac.za/handle/10413/14613

How to Cite
Setiyawati, N., & Meilani, N. (2021). FACTORS AFFECTING HOUSEWIVES’ ATTITUDES TO HIV AND AIDS TEST IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(2), 434-439. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.21/no.2/art.1118