• Yessi Octaria Department of Nutrition, IPB University, Bogor,
  • Dadang Sukandar Department of Nutrition, IPB University
  • Ali Khomsan Department of Nutrition, IPB University
  • Ikeu Tanziha Department of Nutrition, IPB University



Maternal Characteristics, Nutrition Status, Stunting, WDDS


This study aimed to analyze the associations of maternal characteristics and nutritional status of primary caregivers with the occurrence of stunting in children aged 6 – 59 months from rural agricultural households in Indonesia. This study used a sequential explanatory mixed method design. It started with a cross-sectional survey, followed by a qualitative study to explore community perceptions related to findings from the quantitative analysis. The survey involved 200 mother and child dyads. multiple logistic regression was carried out with the dependent variable being the incidence of stunting in children, and maternal characteristics as independent variables. Data analysis showed that WDDS and the maternal length of education in years were significant predictors for the incidence of stunting in children. The adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for WDDS was 0.78 (95% CI 0.63 - 0.98), while for the length of education of mothers was 1.22 (95% CI 1.01 - 1.48). We also conducted a qualitative study to explore food distribution and utilization within the household. Qualitative data analysis showed that, except for pregnant mothers, “good food” was prioritized the least for mothers. The persistent barriers for utilization of quality and diverse food are access to such food rather than knowledge of what is considered “good food for health”. Increasing access and consumption of diverse foods for all mothers beyond pregnancies is an important factor for preventing stunting in Indonesian children from rural agricultural households.

Author Biographies

Dadang Sukandar, Department of Nutrition, IPB University

Professor Dadang Sukandar is a lecturer in Department of Nutrition in IPB University, he holds a PhD in Statistics from the Los Banos University in Philipine. His research interest mainly covering food security, community nutrition and Food and Nutrition Data analysis.

Ali Khomsan, Department of Nutrition, IPB University

Professor Ali Khomsan is a lecturer in Department of Nutrition in IPB University, he holds a PhD in Home Economics Education from Iowa State University. His research mainly covering the topic of nutrition education, community nutrition and sociocultural aspect of food and nutrition.

Ikeu Tanziha, Department of Nutrition, IPB University

Professor Ikeu Tanziha is a lecturer in the Department of Nutrition in IPB University, she holds a PhD degree in Community Nutrition and Family Resources. Her research mainly covering the topic of community nutrition, poverty and food security 


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How to Cite

Yessi Octaria, Sukandar, D. ., Khomsan, A. ., & Tanziha, I. (2021). MATERNAL CHARACTERISTICS AS PREDICTORS FOR STUNTING IN RURAL AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN INDONESIA. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(2), 394–400.