DETERMINING FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS IN MALAYSIA
COVID-19 pandemic results in unprecendeted impacts globally. New discoveries and knowledge on this pandemic is evolving. A study was conducted to determine factors that are associated with knowledge, attitude and practice among medical students at one of the public universities in Malaysia towards COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was conducted through online surveys by using a set of questionnare. The questionnaire was adapted and adopted from validated sources. It was found that, the scores for knowledge, practice and attitude were high among medical students. Male students had higher level of knowledge whereas females had significantly higher level of attitude and practice. Level of knowledge differed between years of study. Clinical year students had higher level of knowledge and practice compared to pre-clinical year students. Findings from this study might prove as the baseline for planning awareness campaigns for students for better containment of COVID-19 and its further spread
Coronavirus Cases: (2020, August 10). Retrieved August 10, 2020, from (Coronavirus Cases)
World Health Organization. World Health Organization. 2020. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) training: Online training. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/training/online-training.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2019. Coronavirus (COVID-19) https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html.
Taghrir, M. H., Borazjani, R. and Shiraly, R. (2020) ‘COVID-19 and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors and Risk Perception.’, Archives of Iranian medicine. Iran, 23(4), pp. 249–254. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.06.
Modi, P. D., Nair, G., Uppe, A., Modi, J., Tuppekar, B., Gharpure, A. S., & Langade, D. (2020). COVID-19 Awareness Among Healthcare Students and Professionals in Mumbai Metropolitan Region: A Questionnaire-Based Survey. Cureus. doi:10.7759/cureus.7514
Aker, S., & Mıdık, Ö. (2020). The Views of Medical Faculty Students in Turkey Concerning the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Community Health, 45(4), 684-688. doi:10.1007/s10900-020-00841-9
Ikhlaq, A. et al. (2020) ‘Awareness and Attitude of Undergraduate Medical Students towards 2019-novel Corona virus.’, Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36, p. S--1-- S--5. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=143046332&site=ehost-live.
Alzoubi, H., Alnawaiseh, N., Al-Mnayyis, A., Lubad, M. A., Aqel, A., & Al-Shagahin, H. (2020). COVID-19 - Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Medical and Non-Medical University Students in Jordan. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 14(1), 17-24. doi:10.22207/jpam.14.1.04
Peng, Y. et al. (2020) ‘Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Associated with COVID-19 among University Students : a Cross-Sectional Survey in China’, Research Square, (127), pp. 1–24.
Bloom, B. S., Engelhart, M. D., Furst, E. J., Hill, W. H., & Krathwohl, D. R. J. I. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: the classification of educational goals. Handbook I: cognitive domain. New York: David McKay Company.
Costa, M. F. (2020). Health belief model for coronavirus infection risk determinants. Revista de Saúde Pública, 54, 47
Taber, K. S. (2018). The use of Cronbach’s alpha when developing and reporting research instruments in science education. Research in Science Education, 48(6), 1273-1296.
Al-Hazmi, A., Gosadi, I., Somily, A., Alsubaie, S., & Bin Saeed, A. (2018). Knowledge, attitude and practice of secondary schools and university students toward Middle East Respiratory Syndrome epidemic in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 25(3), 572–577. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.01.032
Alnjadat, R., Hmaidi, M. M., Samha, T. E., Kilani, M. M., & Hasswan, A. M. (2019). Gender variations in social media usage and academic performance among the students of University of Sharjah. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 14(4), 390–394. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtumed.2019.05.002
Alzoubi, H., Alnawaiseh, N., Al-Mnayyis, A., Abu-Lubad, M., Aqel, A., & Al-Shagahin, H. (2020). Covid-19 - Knowledge, attitude and practice among medical and non-medical university students in Jordan. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 14(1), 17–24. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.14.1.04
Gallè, F., Sabella, E. A., Da Molin, G., De Giglio, O., Caggiano, G., Di Onofrio, V., Ferracuti, S., Montagna, M. T., Liguori, G., Orsi, G. B., & Napoli, C. (2020). Understanding Knowledge and Behaviors Related to CoViD-19 Epidemic in Italian Undergraduate Students: The EPICO Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103481
Griffith, D. M., Sharma, G., Holliday, C. S., Enyia, O. K., Valliere, M., Semlow, A. R., Stewart, E. C., & Blumenthal, R. S. (2020). Men and COVID-19: A biopsychosocial approach to understanding sex differences in mortality and recommendations for practice and policy interventions. In Preventing Chronic Disease (Vol. 17). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). https://doi.org/10.5888/PCD17.200247
Hussain, A., Garima, T., Singh, B. M., Ram, R., & Tripti, R. P. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Nepalese Residents: A quick online cross-sectional survey. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 11(3), 6–11. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v11i3.28485
Lau, J. T. F., Griffiths, S., Choi, K. C., & Tsui, H. Y. (2009). Widespread public misconception in the early phase of the H1N1 influenza epidemic. Journal of Infection, 59(2), 122–127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2009.06.004
Lau, L. L., Hung, N., Go, D. J., Ferma, J., Choi, M., Dodd, W., & Wei, X. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes and practices of COVID-19 among income-poor households in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Global Health, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.7189/JOGH.10.011007
Odell, P. M., Korgen, K. O., Schumacher, P., & Delucchi, M. (2000). Internet use among female and male college students. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 3(5), 855–862. https://doi.org/10.1089/10949310050191836
Olum, R., Kajjimu, J., Kanyike, A. M., Chekwech, G., Wekha, G., Nassozi, D. R., Kemigisa, J., Mulyamboga, P., Muhoozi, O. K., Nsenga, L., Lyavala, M., Asiimwe, A., & Bongomin, F. (2020). Perspective of Medical Students on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Survey of Nine Medical Schools in Uganda. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, 6(2), e19847. https://doi.org/10.2196/19847
Park, J. H., Cheong, H. K., Son, D. Y., Kim, S. U., & Ha, C. M. (2010). Perceptions and behaviors related to hand hygiene for the prevention of H1N1 influenza transmission among Korean university students during the peak pandemic period. BMC Infectious Diseases, 10(1), 222. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-10-222
Peng, Y., Pei, C., Zheng, Y., Wang, J., & Zhang, K. (2020). Knowledge , Attitude and Practice Associated with COVID-19 among University Students : a Cross-Sectional Survey in China. Research Square, 127, 1–24.
Tang, C. S. K., & Wong, C. Y. (2004). Factors influencing the wearing of facemasks to prevent the severe acute respiratory syndrome among adult Chinese in Hong Kong. Preventive Medicine, 39(6), 1187–1193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.04.032