FAMILY’S SUPPORT, PARTNERSHIP AND NUTRITION STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF FIVE IN THE SPECIAL REGION OF YOGYAKARTA
Nutritional problems are issues that affect individuals or communities as a result of poor diets that lack essential nutrients. At the age of fifteen months, nearly one-third of children in developing countries are malnourished, with the majority of them being the proportion of children with height for age below standard derivations (stunting), the proportion of children with weight for height below standard derivations (wasting), and underweight. This was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional approach. This research was conducted in eight local-public health centers in the Special Region of Yogyakarta from December 2018 until February 2019. The population of this research was children under the age of seven with a total sample of 383 children. This research was analyzed using univariate and bivariate analysis. Univariate analysis was used to determine the frequency, mean value, variation, and percentage distributions, which are expressed in n and per cent. Bivariate analysis was used to determine the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. The statistical test used was a different proportion test with Chi-Square, CI (95%), and level of significance. The bivariate analysis result showed that the lack-family-support children under the age of five had a higher risk of experiencing underweight 0.04, stunting 0.28 and wasting 0.30. In addition, the children under the age of five who had a lack of family-health worker cadre partnership had a higher risk of being underweight 0.36, stunting 0.43, and wasting 0.42. In conclusion, the nutritional status of the children under the age of five (underweight, stunting, and wasting) was indirectly affected by the variable of family support and family-health worker cadre partnership.
Unicef. 1998. Malnutrition :Causes, Consequences and Solutions. The State Of The World’s Children.
The Indonesian Ministry of Health. 2014. Indonesian Nutrition Barometer. Jakarta: Directorate General of Nutrition and Maternal and Child Health: Directorate of Nutrition Development
Koletzko B, Swajewska H, Ashwell M, Shamir R, Aggett P, Baerlocher K, Noakes P, Braegger C, Calder P, Campoy F, Cristina C, Virginie D, Tamas D, Magnus D, Christophe F, Mary VG, Johannes B, Michaelsen KF, Mihatsch W, Guarino A, Koletzko S, Rigo J, Turck D and Taminiau J. 2012. Documentation of Functional and Clinical Effects of Infant Nutrition. Journal Pubmed. 60 (4), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.1159/000337681.
Central Statistics Agency. 2015. Indonesian Population Profile. Accessed March 30, 2017.
Yogyakarta City Health Service. 2016. Yogyakarta City Health Profile Dinas Kesehatan Kota Yogyakarta. 2016.
Murti B. 2013. Sample Design and Size for Quantitative and Qualitative Research in the Health Sector. Yogyakarta. Gadjah Mada University Press.Murti B. 2013.
Kusumaningrum RN. 2003. Effects of Mother's Education Level, Mother's Economic Activity, and Family Income on Toddler Nutrition Status in Simo District, Boyolali District. Thesi Faculty of Economics. Sebelas Maret University. Surakarta (Published).
Putra PH, Taufiq RA, and Juliani A. 2013. Study of Relationship between Education Level and Family Income Against Attitudes in Household Waste Management (Case Study in Condongcatur Village, Depok Sleman, Yogyakarta). National Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 5 (2), 91-101.https://doi.org/10.20885/jstl.vol5.iss2.art3
Sarafino EP. 2006. Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions. Fifth Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons.
Dewi R, Bunga A P, Hamam H, Anafrin Y, Dewi A and Eka N. 2017. Family Support and Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Yogyakarta Mothers in Employment. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 26 (1), S31-S35.https://doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.062017.s8.
Friedman MM. 2010. Textbook of Family Nursing: Research, Theory and Practice. Jakarta: EGC
He Q, Gallear D and Ghobadian A. 2011. Knowledge Transfer: The Facilitating Attributes in Supply-Chain Partnerships. International Journal Information Systems Management. 28 (1). https://doi.org/10.1080/10580530.2011.536114.
RI Ministry of Health. 2007. Guidelines for Family Assistance Towards Kadarzi: Jakarta. Directorate General of Community Health Development: Directorate of Community Nutrition Development Departemen Kesehatan RI. 2007.
Nilasari B and Farich A. 2012. Relationship of Family Support and the Role of Cadres with the Participation of Elderly Participating in the Posyandu for the Elderly at Mawar Posyandu in Tri Rahayu Village, Katon District, Pesawaran Regency. World Journal of Public Health.1 (3), 127-133. https://doi.org/10.33024/jdk.v1i3.330.