THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND KNOWLEDGE ON CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AND ITS PREVENTIVE PRACTICES AMONG URBAN DWELLERS IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA

  • Siti Munira Yasin Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000,Sungai Buloh, Selangor Malaysia; Center for Occupational Safety, Health and Wellbeing, UiTM Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Rodi Isa Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000,Sungai Buloh, Selangor Malaysia
  • Nurhuda Ismail Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000,Sungai Buloh, Selangor Malaysia; Center for Occupational Safety, Health and Wellbeing, UiTM Selangor, Malaysia
  • Leny Suzana Suddin Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000,Sungai Buloh, Selangor Malaysia
  • Mohammad Shahril Ahmad Saman Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000,Sungai Buloh, Selangor Malaysia
  • Zaliha Ismail Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000,Sungai Buloh, Selangor Malaysia
Keywords: Cardiovascular risk, prevention, urban

Abstract

To assess knowledge, practices on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and practices among an urban population in Selangor. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted involving 336 adults in 161 houses randomly selected from three towns in Selangor, Malaysia. The mean knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors was moderately high among participants. Socioeconomic characteristics (SES) significantly associated with higher mean scores were being in middle age, female, high-income group and never smokers. Although the general knowledge on preventing cardiovascular risks among the urban population was moderately high, their lifestyle practices on preventing cardiovascular disease were moderate.

References

1. Mendis S. Global progress in prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovasc diagn Ther. 2017;7(Suppl 1):S32.

2. Uthman OA, Hartley L, Rees K, Taylor F, Ebrahim S, Clarke A. Multiple risk factor interventions for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in low- and middle-income
countries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015(8):Cd011163.

3. Patnode CD, Evans CV, Senger CA, Redmond N, Lin JS. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Evidence Syntheses, formerly Systematic Evidence Reviews. Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults Without Known Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Updated Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2017.

4. Teh C, Lim K, Chan Y, Lim K, Azahadi O, Akmar AH, et al. The prevalence of physical activity and its associated factors among Malaysian adults: findings from the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011. Public health. 2014;128(5):416-23.

5. Health Mo. NHMS. National Health Morbidity Survey 2015. In: Health Mo, editor. Institue for Public Health: Institute for Public Health.

6. Wasniowska A, Kopec G, Szafraniec K, Misiowiec W, Waligora M, Brozda M, et al. Assessment of knowledge on cardiovascular disease risk factors by postal survey in residents of Malopolska Voivodeship. Malopolska Cardiovascular PReventive Intervention Study (M-CAPRI). Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017;24(2):201-6.

7. Kulkayeva G, Harun-Or-Rashid M, Yoshida Y, Tulebayev K, Sakamoto J. Cardiovascular disease risk factors among rural Kazakh population. Nagoya J Med Sci. 2012;74(1-2):51-61.

8. Lopez EP, Rice C, Weddle DO, Rahill GJ. The relationship among cardiovascular risk factors, diet patterns, alcohol consumption, and ethnicity among women aged 50 years and older. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(2):248-56.

9. Tsuji M, Arima H, Ohkubo T, Nakamura K, Takezaki T, Sakata K, et al. Socioeconomic Status and Knowledge of Cardiovascular Risk Factors: NIPPON DATA2010. 2018;28(Supplement_III):S46-s52.

10. Greenland P, Knoll MD, Stamler J, Neaton JD, Dyer AR, Garside DB, et al. Major risk factors as antecedents of fatal and nonfatal coronary heart disease events. Jama. 2003;290(7):891-7.

11. Stringhini S, Carmeli C, Jokela M, Avendaño M, Muennig P, Guida F, et al. Socioeconomic status and the 25× 25 risk factors as determinants of premature mortality: a multicohort study and meta-analysis of 1· 7 million men and women. The Lancet. 2017;389(10075):1229-37.

12. Fukuda Y, Hiyoshi A. Associations of household expenditure and marital status with cardiovascular risk factors in Japanese adults: analysis of nationally representative surveys. J Epidemiol. 2013;23(1):21-7.

13. Akintunde AA, Akintunde TS, Opadijo OG. Knowledge of heart disease risk factors among workers in a Nigerian University: A call for concern. Nigerian medical journal: J Med Assoc. 2015;56(2):91.

14. Ibrahim MM, Rahman NAA, Rahman NIA, Haque M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Malaysian Public University Students on Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases. 2016.

15. Khongbuh B, Walia I, Kapoor S. Prevalence of diabetes and treatment seeking behaviour among adult population at village Dhanas, UT, Chandigarh. Midwifery. 2005;1(3).

16. Muhamad R, Yahya R, Yusoff HM. Knowledge, attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women in North-Eastcoast Malaysia. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health. 2012;4(1).

17. Wartak SA, Friderici J, Lotfi A, Verma A, Kleppel R, Naglieri-Prescod D, et al. Patients' knowledge of risk and protective factors for cardiovascular disease. Am J Cardiol. 2011;107(10):1480-8.

18. Akintunde AA, Akintunde T, Opadijo OG. Knowledge of heart disease risk factors among workers in a Nigerian University: A call for concern. Niger Med J. 2015;56(2):91-5.

19. Pratt CA, Ha L, Levine S, Pratt CB. Stroke knowledge and barriers to stroke prevention among African Americans: implications for health communication. J health Commun. 2003;8(4):369-81.

20. Awad A, Al-Nafisi H. Public knowledge of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in Kuwait: a cross-sectional survey. BMC public health. 2014;14(1):1131.

21. Godfrey A, Lord S, Galna B, Mathers JC, Burn DJ, Rochester L. The association between retirement and age on physical activity in older adults. Age and ageing. 2013;43(3):386-93.

22. Murray EK. Development and Testing of Measures to Assess Nutrition Behavior Change in Low Income Adults Participating in the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program: Colorado State University; 2017.

23. H M-G, T M, SL S, L M. Knowledge, preventive action, and barriers to cardiovascular disease prevention by race and ethnicity in women: an American Heart Association national survey. J Womens Health. 2010;19(7):1243-9.
Published
2020-08-01
How to Cite
Siti Munira Yasin, Mohamad Rodi Isa, Nurhuda Ismail, Leny Suzana Suddin, Mohammad Shahril Ahmad Saman, & Zaliha Ismail. (2020). THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND KNOWLEDGE ON CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AND ITS PREVENTIVE PRACTICES AMONG URBAN DWELLERS IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 20(Special1), 292-298. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.20/no.Special1/art.733