• Muzahem Mohammed AL-Hashimi Department of Statistics and Informatics, College of Computer science & Mathematics, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
  • Ahmed Naziyah Alkhateeb Department of Operation Research and Intelligent Techniques, College of Computer science & Mathematics, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq



Brain and CNS cancers, Hotspots, Cold spots, Spatial outliers


Brain and other CNS cancers have evidenced increase in Iraq over the study period (2000-2015). Spatial variation of brain and CNS cancers in Iraq at the district level has not been explored. This study aimed to explore the spatial patterns of the Age-Standardized Incidence Rates (ASIRs) of brain and CNS cancers throughout Iraq (except Kurdish region) during 2000-2015 using spatial autocorrelation analyses. Data were obtained from the Iraqi Cancer Registry. The ASIRs were calculated according to geographical region (provinces and districts) for each period (2000-2004, 2005- 2009, and 2010-2015). spatial statistical tools were employed to evaluate hotspots, cold spots, spatial clustering and outliers for each period. Results showed a spatial correlation with hotspots, cold spots, and detecting spatial outliers. This study identified 7 districts as high-risk areas for brain and CNS cancers during 2010-2015,  including  Al-Sadir, Al-Kadhimiyah, Adhamia, Al-Karkh, Al-Rissafa, and Al-Madain districts in Baghdad province) and southern region (Abu-Al-Khaseeb district in Al-Basrah provinces, and we have evidenced an increase of brain and CNS cancers incidence rates during 2010-2015. The government efforts should focus on those regions, and the factors related to the spatial pattern of the brain and CNS cancers incidence in Iraq should be investigated.


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How to Cite

Muzahem Mohammed AL-Hashimi, & Ahmed Naziyah Alkhateeb. (2020). SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF BRAIN AND OTHER CNS CANCERS INCIDENCE IN IRAQ DURING 2000-2015. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 20(3), 27–34.