PREVALENCE OF CARBONATED SOFT DRINK CONSUMPTION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG MALAYSIAN ADOLESCENTS: A NATIONWIDE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY 2017
Keywords:Carbonated soft drink, Adolescent, Malaysia, Prevalence, Risk factors, Adolescent Survey 2017
Carbonated soft drinks (CSD) consumption is one of the contributing factors to weight gain, dental caries and non-communicable diseases among adolescents. This study aims to determine CSD consumption among Malaysian adolescents and their associated factors. The Adolescent Health Survey 2017, was a nationally representative survey sampled school-going adolescents aged 13 to 17 years. Findings reported that 36.9% of adolescents reported CSD consumption at least once daily in the past 30 days, and the prevalence was higher than a similar study conducted in 2012. Boys, schools in rural areas, lower secondary schoolers, not physically active, consuming fast food, having food insecurity, and truancy problem reported significantly higher odds of consuming CSD compared to their counterparts. By ethnicity, Bumiputera Sarawak adolescents showed the highest odds of consuming CSD and followed by Bumiputera Sabah. Thus, interventions to limit CSD consumption among Malaysian adolescents should consider the factors highlighted in this study.
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