EFFECTS OF INAPPROPRIATE WASTE MANAGEMENT ON HEALTH: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE AMONG MALAYSIAN POPULATION

  • Redhwan Ahmed Al-Naggar Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia
  • Mahfoudh A.M Abdulghani Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Unaizah College of Pharmacy, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
  • Mahmoud Abdullah Al-Areefi Department of Health Information Management and Technology, Faculty of Public Health and Health Informatics, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Waste Management, Health, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, general population

Abstract

Numerous health issues can arise from improper domestic waste management. Uncollected wastes provide food and breeding sites for insect, bird and rodent which can expose the community to vector borne disease. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the community awareness towards domestic waste management. This study is a cross-sectional study conducted at Bandar Baru Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia. The questionnaire consists of five sections with a total of 57 questions. The questionnaire consists of four parts: Socio-demographic, knowledge, attitude and practice. The data were analysed using SPSS version 22.0. T-test, ANOVA test, Chi-squared test were used according to the type of variables and significance level will be taken at 95% or p-value of less than 0.05. A total of 355 respondents participated in this study. The mean age was 40.52 ±14.94. The majority of them were male (52.1%), Malay (71.0%), married (71.3%), with secondary educational (81%) and employed (41.1%). The majority of respondents mentioned that inappropriate waste management can cause dengue fever and leptospirosis (98.0%, 97.2%; respectively). Property type, education, occupation, ethnicity, religions and household income were significant influenced the knowledge of the participants towards domestic waste management. For attitude, gender, education, ethnicity, religion and income significantly influenced the attitude of the participants towards domestic waste management. For practice, ethnicity, religion and occupation were significantly influenced the practice of the participants towards domestic waste management. In conclusion, the community has moderate awareness of domestic waste management. Awareness of waste management should also be taught in school so that the next generation of people will have a better understanding and eventually have better practice in domestic waste management. It is also hoped that a carefully thought-out strategy can be developed to further improve the community awareness towards domestic waste management which will shed a new light on tackling this issue.

References

Kungskulniti N. Public health aspects of a solid waste scavenger community in Thailand. Waste Management and Research 1990; 8(2):167-170.

Manaf LA, Samah MA and Zukki NI. Municipal solid waste management in Malaysia: practices and challenges. Waste Management 2009; 29(11):2902-2906.

Yatim SR and Arshad MA. Household Solid Waste Characteristics and Management in Low Cost Apartment in Petaling Jaya, Selangor. Health and the Environmental Journal 2010; 1(2):58-63.

Sarker, BC, Saker SK, Ismail MS et al. Public Awareness about Disposal of Solid Waste and its Impact: A Study in Tangail Pourashava, Tangail. J. Environ. Sci. & Natural Resources 2012; 5(2):239-244.

Degroote S, Zinszer K and Ridde V. Interventions for vector-borne diseases focused on housing and hygiene in urban areas: a scoping review. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2018; 7:96.

Desa' A, Kadir NB, and Yusooff F. Waste Education and Awareness Strategy: Towards Solid Waste Management (SWM) Program at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012; 59:47–50.

Rahardyan, B, Matsuto T, Kakuta Y et al. Resident's concerns and Attitudes towards Solid Waste Management facilities. Waste management 2004; 24:437-451.

Fauziah SH, Khairunnisa AK, Siti Zubaidah B et al. Public Perception on Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Bill 2007 Towards Sustainable Waste Management in Malaysia. 2009; In: ISWA/APESB World Congress, 12-15 Oct 2009, Lisbon, Portugal.

Tatlonghari RV, Jamias SB. Village Level Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Solid Waste

Management in Sta. Rosa City, Laguna, Philippines. Journal of Environmental Science and Management 2010; 13:35-51.

Bartelings, H & Sterner T. Household Waste Management in a Swedish Municipality: Determinants of Waste Disposal, Recycling and Composting. Environmental and Resource Economics 1999; 13:473.

Published
2019-01-01
How to Cite
Redhwan Ahmed Al-Naggar, Mahfoudh A.M Abdulghani, & Mahmoud Abdullah Al-Areefi. (2019). EFFECTS OF INAPPROPRIATE WASTE MANAGEMENT ON HEALTH: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE AMONG MALAYSIAN POPULATION. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19(1), 101-109. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.19/no.1/art.41