AN EVALUATION OF A UNIVERSITY-BASED TOBACCO FREE POLICY INITIATIVE: COMPLIANCE, BARRIERS, AND FACILITATING FACTORS OF POLICY ENFORCEMENT

Authors

  • Diyana Shereen Anwar Centre of Population Oral Health and Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Malaysia
  • Budi Aslinie Md Sabri Centre of Population Oral Health and Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Malaysia
  • Mas Suryalis Ahmad Centre of Population Oral Health and Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Malaysia

Abstract

Universiti Teknologi MARA started the Tobacco Free Campus Initiative (TFI) policy in January 2016. However, no study has been done to evaluate the TFI policy compliance, barriers, and facilitating factors after 6 years. Thus, this study aims to examine the TFI policy's compliance, barriers, and facilitating factors in the policy enforcements. Compliance to the TFI policy was evaluated using the environmental checklist using the Georgia University Evaluation Toolkit. Environmental checklists derived from Georgia University Evaluation Toolkit were used as a reference during the field observations to evaluate on the compliance part. Focus group discussion was done with 5 key informants identified through purposive sampling and an interview was also conducted with the person in charge of the TFI policy. Key questions related to evaluating barriers and facilitating factors were asked and recorded for the development of themes. Findings showed that there were non-compliance issues to the policy as indicated by the amount of cigarette butts found in multiple locations, presence of smoking odour, and observed violators. Main barrier identified was lack of support, and the main facilitating factor identified were the implementation of TFI buddies. Overall, the compliance is still seen to be lacking, and barriers as well as facilitating factors identified should be examined and addressed by the stakeholders to allow for policy improvement.

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Published

2023-12-28

How to Cite

Anwar, D. S., Md Sabri, B. A., & Ahmad, M. S. (2023). AN EVALUATION OF A UNIVERSITY-BASED TOBACCO FREE POLICY INITIATIVE: COMPLIANCE, BARRIERS, AND FACILITATING FACTORS OF POLICY ENFORCEMENT. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 23(3), 37–43. Retrieved from http://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/2046