A SURVEY ON MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN AND DISCOMFORT AMONG INDUSTRIAL WORKERS

Authors

  • M.H Nurhanisah Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Ruhaizin Sulaiman Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Khairul Manami Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Rosalam Che me Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the major occupational health problems among industrial workers, especially in developed and developing countries, such as Malaysia. Although several studies on MSDs have been conducted, the different culture, environmental, and regulatory practices related to hazards and risks of each task might differ. The objective of this study is to describe the work-related MSDs among industrial workers in the context of their work conditions, sleep health, and social life. A descriptive study was conducted on 54 industrial workers from the factories and rehabilitation centres in Peninsular Malaysia using a survey questionnaire. Significant complaints of discomfort involving eight body regions, i.e., the neck, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, upper back, lower back, and foot, associated with work conditions, sleep health, and social life were identified. The obtained results indicated that, the lower back was the most prevalent pain and discomfort caused by work conditions, sleep health and lifestyle. The prevalence of MSDs associated with work conditions, sleep health, and social life among industrial workers is high; therefore, attention must be given to the current problem.

 

References

Soehod KB, Laxman LKP. Law On Safety And Health In Malaysia. Univ Technol Malaysia. 2007;

Park S, Lee J, Lee JH. Insufficient Rest Breaks at Workplace and Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Korean Kitchen Workers. Saf Health Work. 2021 Jun 1;12(2):225–9.

Prommawai N, Laohasiriwong W, Nilvarangkul K. Musculoskeletal Disorders and Quality of Life of Sugarcane Farmers in the Northeast of Thailand: A Cross-sectional Analytical Study. J Clin Diagnostic Res. 2019;11–6.

Sekkay F, Imbeau D, Chinniah Y, Dubé PA, de Marcellis-Warin N, Beauregard N, et al. Risk factors associated with self-reported musculoskeletal pain among short and long distance industrial gas delivery truck drivers. Appl Ergon [Internet]. 2018;72(September 2017):69–87. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.005

Heikkinen J, Honkanen R, Williams L, Leung J, Rauma P, Quirk S, et al. Depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and subjective mental health in common musculoskeletal diseases: A review. Maturitas [Internet]. 2019;127(April):18–25. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2019.05.011

Brossoit RM, Crain TL, Leslie JJ, Hammer LB, Truxillo DM, Bodner TE. The effects of sleep on workplace cognitive failure and safety. Vol. 24, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2019. p. 411–22.

Uehli K, Mehta AJ, Miedinger D, Hug K, Schindler C, Holsboer-Trachsler E, et al. Sleep problems and work injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Med Rev [Internet]. 2014;18(1):61–73. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2013.01.004

Vinstrup J, Jakobsen MD, Calatayud J, Jay K, Andersen LL. Association of stress and musculoskeletal pain with poor sleep: Cross-sectional study among 3,600 hospital workers. Front Neurol. 2018;9(NOV):1–6.

Velasco Garrido M, Mette J, Mache S, Harth V, Preisser AM. Musculoskeletal pain among offshore wind industry workers: a cross-sectional study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health [Internet]. 2020;93(7):899–909. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-020-01544-3

Mei Qi L, Ramalingam V. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Associated Risk Factors among Selected Factory Workers in Penang, Malaysia. INTI J | eISSN. 2019;2019(June):22.

Acaröz Candan S, Sahin UK, Ako?lu S. The investigation of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among female workers in a hazelnut factory: Prevalence, working posture, work-related and psychosocial factors. Int J Ind Ergon. 2019;

Das B. Effects of Awkward Posture on Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) among Sawmill Workers in India. J Occup Heal Epidemiol. 2020;9(3):158–66.

Hanna F, Daas RN, El-Shareif TJ, Al-Marridi HH, Al-Rojoub ZM, Adegboye OA. The relationship between sedentary behavior, back pain, and psychosocial correlates among university employees. Front Public Heal. 2019;7(APR):1–7.

Ding Y, Cao Y, Duffy VG, Zhang X. It is Time to Have Rest: How do Break Types Affect Muscular Activity and Perceived Discomfort During Prolonged Sitting Work. Saf Health Work [Internet]. 2020;11(2):207–14. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2020.03.008

Nygaard PP, Skovlund SV, Sundstrup E, Andersen LL. Is low-back pain a limiting factor for senior workers with high physical work demands? A cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2020;21(1):1–8.

Aziz RA, Adeyemi AJ, Kadir AZA, Rohani JM, Rani MRA. Effect of Working Posture on Back Pain Occurrence among Electronic Workers in Malaysia. Procedia Manuf [Internet]. 2015;2(February):296–300. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.052

Gregory DE, Callaghan JP. Prolonged standing as a precursor for the development of low back discomfort: An investigation of possible mechanisms. Vol. 28, Gait and Posture. 2008. p. 86–92.

Mörl F, Bradl I. Lumbar posture and muscular activity while sitting during office work. Vol. 23, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2013. p. 362–8.

Das B. Prevalence of work-related occupational injuries and its risk factors among brickfield workers in West Bengal, India. Int J Ind Ergon [Internet]. 2020;80(December 2018):103052. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2020.103052

Lee HE, Choi M, Kim HR, Kawachi I. Impact of decreased night work on workers’ musculoskeletal symptoms: A quasi-experimental intervention study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(23):1–9.

Heidarimoghadam R, Saidnia H, Joudaki J, Mohammadi Y, Babamiri M. Does mental workload can lead to musculoskeletal disorders in healthcare office workers? Suggest and investigate a path. Vol. 6, Cogent Psychology. 2019.

Krishnan KS, Raju G, Shawkataly O. Prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders: Psychological and physical risk factors. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(17).

Das SK, Pathak V, Chakraborty T. Ergonomic mapping of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and stress among Indian healthcare workers: An overview. J Public Aff. 2022;22(2).

Chakraborty T, Das SK, Pathak V, Mukhopadhyay S. Occupational stress, musculoskeletal disorders and other factors affecting the quality of life in Indian construction workers. Int J Constr Manag [Internet]. 2018;18(2):144–50. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2017.1294281

An JM, Kim J, Yoon S, Woo KH, Cho SY, Kim K, et al. Association of Work–life Balance with Occupational Injury and Work-related Musculoskeletal Pain among Korean Workers. Ann Occup Environ Med. 2020;32(1):1–14.

Ganesan V, Saudi ASM, Balakrishnan A, Shafii NZ, Kamarudin MKA, Khairuddin MZF, et al. An ergonomic assessment of musculoskeletal disorders among airport bag handlers: A case study in Malaysia. Int J Res Pharm Sci. 2018;9(Special Issue 2):83–7.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-28

How to Cite

Nurhanisah, M., Sulaiman, R., Khairul Manami, & Che me, R. (2023). A SURVEY ON MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN AND DISCOMFORT AMONG INDUSTRIAL WORKERS . Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 23(3), 235–244. Retrieved from http://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/1902