ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE MODEL AS PREDICTOR FOR DENGUE OUTBREAKS

  • Dhesi Baha Raja Public Health Medicine Specialist, Ministry of Health, 62590 Putrajaya, Malaysia
  • Rainier Mallol Computer Engineer, Pontifical Catholic University Mother and Master (Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra), 51000 Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic
  • Choo Yee Ting Associate Professor, Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Multimedia University (MMU), 63100 Cyberjaya, Malaysia
  • Fadzilah Kamaludin Director, Institute for Medical Research (IMR), Ministry of Health, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Rohani Ahmad Medical Entomology Unit, Infectious Diseases Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research (IMR), Ministry of Health, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Suzilah Ismail SQS Statistical Consulting, School of Quantitative Sciences(SQS), Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Vivek Jason Jayaraj Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Bala Murali Sundram Public Health Medicine Specialist, Environmental Health Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research (IMR), Ministry of Health, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Keywords: Aedes, Aegypti, Albopictus, C#, Bayesian Network, Dengue, Predictive Model

Abstract

Dengue is an increasing threat in Malaysia, particularly in the more densely populated regions of the country. We present an Artificial Intelligence driven model in predicting Aedes outbreak, using predictors of weather variables and vector indices sourced from the Ministry of Health. Analysis and predictions to estimate Aedes populations were conducted, with its results being used to infer the possibility of dengue outbreaks at pre-determined localities around the Klang Valley, Malaysia. A Bayesian Network machine learning technique was employed, with the model being trained using predictor variables such as temperature, rainfall, date of onset and notification, and vector indices such as the Ae. albopictus count, Ae. aegypti count and larval count. The interfaces of the system were developed using the C# language for Server-side configuration and programming, and HTML, CSS and JavaScript for the Client Side programming. The model was then used to predict the population of Aedes at periods of 7, 14, and 30 days. Using the Bayesian Network technique utilising the above predictor variables we proposed a finalised model with predictive accuracy ranging from 79%-84%. This model was developed into a Graphical User Interface, which was purposed to assist and educate the general public of regions at risk of developing dengue outbreak. This remains a valuable case-study on the importance of public data in the context of combating a public health risk via the development of models for predicting outbreaks of dengue which will hopefully spur further sharing of data by all parties in combating public health threats.

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Published
2019-04-01
How to Cite
Dhesi Baha Raja, Rainier Mallol, Choo Yee Ting, Fadzilah Kamaludin, Rohani Ahmad, Suzilah Ismail, Vivek Jason Jayaraj, & Bala Murali Sundram. (2019). ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE MODEL AS PREDICTOR FOR DENGUE OUTBREAKS. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19(2), 103-108. Retrieved from http://mjphm.org/index.php/mjphm/article/view/176