• Rahmah Hida Nurrizka Public Health Department, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional (UPN) Veteran Jakarta-Indonesia
  • Rafiah Maharani Public Health Department, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional (UPN) Veteran Jakarta-Indonesia
Keywords: children’s quality of life, determinant factors, flats, Indonesia


Resident relocation to flats policy becomes a strategy of the Jakarta Provincial Government to overcome illegal settlements and slum areas. The relocation is also aimed to improve the quality of life, particularly of the children. This research analyses the determinant factors of the quality of life of children who are moved to the flats due to the relocation. This research uses the Kid-KINDLR questionnaire to collect data of children in the range of age 7-13 years and the Z-score method to process the data and to build an analysis. The Z-score > 0 indicates a good quality of life, while Z-score < 0 is otherwise. The result shows that 48% of the children have a good quality of life and 52% of the children have a poor quality of life (mean = 91.45 and SD = 9.559). There is a positive correlation between the quality of life of children and the pattern of nutrients intake of children (r = 0.053, p = 0.518), the education of the head of the family (r = 0.058, p = 0.478), and the household income (r = 0.070, p = 0.401). Whereas, the negative correlation between the quality of life of children and the number of family members (r = -0.088, p = 0.284). This research argues that to increase the quality of life of children, the facilities in the flats must be built properly for the growth of the children. In addition, family involvement must be improved to provide a high quality of nutrients intake for the children.


1. Putri FR, Wibirama S, et al. Population Condition Analysis of Jakarta Land Deformation Area. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 148(2018)012007. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1/012007.

2. Rustiadi E, Pribadi DO, Pravitasari AE, et al. The Dynamics Population, Economic Hegemony and Land Use/Cover Change of Jabodetabek Region (Jakarta Megacity). ATLAS: Land Use/Cover Change in Selected Regions in The World Vol. IGU-LUCC Research Report 2012. pp. 51-56.

3. Central Bureau of Statistic Republic of Indonesia, National Development Planning Agency Republic of Indonesia and United Nation Population Fund. Indonesia Population Projection, 2010-2013. (cited 2018 October 21). Available from:

4. Gaughan AE, Steven FR, Linard C, Jia P, Tatem AJ. High Resolution Population Distribution Maps for Southeast Asia in 2010 and 2015. PLoS ONE 2013 8(2): e55882. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055882

5. Central Bureau of Statistic Province of DKI Jakarta. Province of DKI Jakarta in Figures 2017. (cited 2018 October 21). Available from:

6. Central Bureau of Statistic Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta Migration Statistics: Intercensal Population Survey, 2015. (cited 2018 October 21). Available from:

7. Pravitasari AE. Study on Impact of Urbanization and Rapid Urban Expansion in Java and JABODETABEK Megacity, Indonesia. Dissertation in Kyoto University. doi: 10.14989/doctor.k19347.

8. Firman T. The Urbanisation of Java, 2000-2010: Toward the Island of Mega-Urban Region. Asian Population Studies Volume 13, 2017-Issue 1. doi: 10.1080/17441730.2016.1247587.

9. Elmanisa AM, et al. Land Price Mapping of Jabodetabek, Indonesia. Geoplanning: Journal of Geomatics and Planning, 4(1), 53-62, 20117. doi:10.14710/geoplanning.4.1.53-62

10. Endri. Analysis of The Impact of Macroeconomic Shock on Residential Property Price Index In Jabodebek-Banten. Saudi Journal of Business and Management Studies, Vol-3, Iss-5 (May, 2018): 523-539. doi: 10.21276/sjbms.2018.3.5.4.

11. Sustikarini A, Kabinawa LNRW. Urban and Global Populism: An Analysis of Jakarta as Resilient City. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 126 (2018) 012059. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/126/1/012059.

12. Padawangi R, Douglass M. Water, Water Everywhere: Toward Participatory Solution to Chronic Urban Flooding in Jakarta. Pacific Affairs, Volume 88, No. 3 September 2015. doi: 10.5509/2015883517.

13. Alzamil SW. Evaluating Urban Status on Informal Settlements in Indonesia: A Comparative Analysis of Three Case Study in North Jakarta. Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 11, No. 4; 2018. doi: 10.5539/jsd.v11n4p148.

14. Nurdiansyah A. Urban Slum Upgrading Policy in Jakarta (Case Study: Kampung Deret Program Implementation). The Indonesia Journal of Planning and Development, 3(1). 2018. doi: 10.14710/ijpd.3.1.19-31.

15. Garschagen M, Surtiari KAG, Harb M. Is Jakarta’s New Flood Risk Reduction Strategy Transformation. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2934. doi: 10.3390/su10082934.

16. Marx B, Stoker T, and Suri T. The Economics of Slum in the Developing World. Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 27, Number 4, Fall 2013, p.187-210. doi: 10.1257/jep.27.4.187.

17. Supriyanto B. Role of Government in Jakarta Organize Slum Area. Scientific Research Journal (SCJR), Volume II, Issue V, May 2014.

18. Supriatna A and Molen VDP. Land Readjustment for Upgrading Indonesia Kampung: A Proposal. South East Asia Research, 2014, 22, 3, pp 379-397. doi: 10.5367/sear.2014.0218.

19. Ismail F, Jabar LI, Janipha IAN, and Razali R. Measuring the Quality of Life in Low Cost Residential Environment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 168 (2015) 270-279. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.10.232.

20. Woodhead M. Changing Perspectives on Early Childhood: Theory, Research and Policy. (Cited 2018 October 21). Available from:

21. Nousi D, Christou, A. Factors Affecting the Quality of Life in Children with Congenital Heart Disease. Health Science Journal, Volume 4, Issue 2 (2010), pp. 94-100.

22. Villalonga-Olives E, von Steinbuchel N, Witte C, Kasten E, Kawachi I, and Kiese-Himmel, C. Health Related Quality of Life of Immigrant Children: Towards A New Pattern in Germany? BMC Public Health, 14, 790. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-790.

23. Sommer R, Daubmann A, Quitmann J, Ravens-Sieberer U, and Bullinger M. Understanding the Impact of Statural Height on Health-related Quality of Life in German Adolescents: A Population-based Analysis. European Journal of Pediatrics (2014) . doi: 10.1007/s00431-014-2480-6.

24. Sieberer RU, and Bullinger M. KINDLR: Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents. (cited 2018 October 17). Available from:

25. Han ST, Krone N, Quality of Life in Adults with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Relates to Glucocorticoid Treatment, Adiposity and Insulin Resistance: United Kingdom Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Adult Study Executive (CaHASE). European Journal of Endocrinology (2013) 168 887-893. doi: 10.1530/EJE-13-0128.

26. Paavola and Evelin L. The Importance of Emotional Intelligence in Early Children. (cited 2018 November 3). Available from:

27. Brackett AM and Rivers ES. Transforming Students’ Lives with Social and Emotional Learning: To Appear in the Handbook of Emotions in Education. (cited 2018 November 3). Available from:

28. Toscano VE and Amestoy AV. The Relevance of Social Interactions on Housing Satisfaction. Social Indicator Research, April 2007. doi: 10.1007/s11205-007-9107-5.

29. Zainal RN, Kaur G, Ahmad AN, and Khalili MJ. Housing Condition and Quality of Life of The Urban Poor in Malaysia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 50, 2012, Pp. 827-838.

30. Lee E and Park KM. Housing Satisfaction and Quality of Life Among Temporary Residents in The United Kingdom. Housing and Society, Volume 37, 2010, Issue 1. doi: 10.1080/08882746.2010.11430580.

31. Swords L, Merriman B, and O’Donnel M. Family Wellbeing on A Limited Income: A Study of Family Living at Risk of Poverty in Ireland. (Cited 2018 November 3). Available from:

32. Reynolds AS, Fernald CHL, Deardorff J, and Behrman RJ. Family Structure and Child Development in Chile: A Longitudinal Analysis of Household Transitions Involving Fathers and Grandparents. Demographic Research, Volume 38, Article 58, p. 1777-1814, 2018. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2018.38.58.

33. Kanjilal B, Mazumdar GP, Mukherjee M, and Rahman HM. Nutritional Status of Children in India: Household Socio-Economic Condition as The Contextual Determinant. International Journal for Equity in Health, 2010, 9:19. doi: 10.1186/1475-9276-9-19.

34. Best C, Neufingerl N, van Geel L, van den Briel T, and Osendarp S. The Nutritional Status of School-Aged Children: Why Should We Care? Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 2010 Sep;31(3):400-17. doi: 10.1177/156482651003100303.
How to Cite
Rahmah Hida Nurrizka, & Rafiah Maharani. (2019). INDONESIAN CHILDREN’S QUALITY OF LIFE: A CASE STUDY OF RESIDENTS RELOCATION TO FLATS IN JAKARTA PROVINCE. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19(2), 61-67.