RISK FACTORS OF INFERTILITY IN A WOMAN: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY
Keywords:Primary infertility, Fertility women, Ovary dysfunctions, Hyperprolactinemia, Thyroid disorder
The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors for infertility women compared with fertility women in Sakaka Saudi Arabia. We conducted a case-control study at the Obstetrics and Gynecology department of Maternity and Children Hospital (MCH) in Sakaka from December 2020 to December 2021. A total of one hundred women among fifty infertile (case group) and fifty fertility women (control group) who had normal menstrual cycles (range 28- 30 days) and having children, were enrolled in this study. Data were collected by the method of a pre-structured questionnaire and laboratory reports. Data were also included age, body weight, and details history of menstrual, ovarian, and hormonal disorders. All collected data were entered into a datasheet for analysis of risk factors by using of SPSS 20.00 version with a chi-square test for data comparison and association using Odds ratio and logistic regression. The present study reveals the significant risk factors for primary infertility in a woman including duration of menstrual cycles, Hyperprolactinemia 26%, obesity 48%, ovarian dysfunctions 44%, and thyroid disorders 28%. Early detection of associated risk factors may reduce the rate of infertility and improve fertility by prevention and appropriate treatment.
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