QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY
The objective of the current study is to compare patients' Quality of life with myocardial infarction (MI) and angina pectoris. In a cross-sectional study, 351 people who had been diagnosed with coronary artery disease in 2021 were selected. The QoL, SF-36, and information sheet were employed in this research. Univariate and bivariate binary Logistic Regression was used to analyse the data. Preliminary results show that concerning age, the average was in the AP group and the MI group (40.5 ± 0.2), (52.6 ± 0.3), respectively. Women constituted the highest percentage (57%) in the two groups. Most of the study participants have low education (57%) and are married (92%). In the invariable logistic regression analysis, ORs were higher among patients belonging to the age group ≥ 65 in the AP (OR, 4.11; 95% CI, (2.59–4.14); P= 0.001) and the MI group (OR, 7.18; 95% CI, (5.74–8.97); P< 0.001). Patients' Quality of life suffers significantly after a cardiac attack, particularly in the early stages of recovery. While significant life improvements have been made over time, physicians working with cardiac patients face difficulty due to residual discomfort after a year's follow-up.
Şahin B, İlgün G. Risk factors of deaths related to cardiovascular diseases in World Health Organization (WHO) member countries. Health & Social Care in the Community. 2022;30(1):73-80.
Molania T, MalekzadehShafaroudi A, Taghavi M, Ehsani H, Moosazadeh M, Haddadi A, et al. Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in cardiovascular patients referring to Fatima Zahra Hospital in Sari, Iran. BMC Oral Health. 2021;21(1):1-9.
Phyo AZZ, Ryan J, Gonzalez-Chica DA, Stocks NP, Reid CM, Tonkin AM, et al. Health-related Quality of life and incident cardiovascular disease events in community-dwelling older people: A prospective cohort study. International Journal of Cardiology. 2021;339:170-8.
Cao N, Hao Z, Niu L, Zhang N, Zhu H, Bao H, et al. The Impact of Risk Factor Control on Health-Related Quality of Life in Individuals with High Cardiovascular Disease Risk: A Cross-sectional Study Based on EQ-5D Utility Scores in Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health. 2022:1-10.
Pinheiro LC, Reshetnyak E, Sterling MR, Richman JS, Kern LM, Safford MM. Using health-related Quality of life to predict cardiovascular disease events. Quality of Life Research. 2019;28(6):1465-75.
Ko H-Y, Lee J-K, Shin J-Y, Jo E. Health-related quality of life and cardiovascular disease risk in Korean adults. Korean Journal of family medicine. 2015;36(6):349.
Todorova M. Participation of the nurse in the prevention of patients with CVD through health education and monitoring of health related Quality of life. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2021;20(Supplement_1):zvab060. 107.
Saris-Baglama RN, Dewey CJ, Chisholm GB, Plumb E, King J, Kosinski M, et al. QualityMetric health outcomes™ scoring software 4.0: installation guide. Lincoln (RI): QualityMetric Incorporated. 2010.
Fisher JD. New York heart association classification. Archives of internal medicine. 1972;129(5):836-.
Kovacs FM, Abraira V, Zamora J, del Real MTG, Llobera J, Fernández C. Correlation between pain, disability, and Quality of life in patients with common low back pain. Spine. 2004;29(2):206-10.
Horng Y-S, Hwang Y-H, Wu H-C, Liang H-W, Mhe YJ, Twu F-C, et al. Predicting health-related Quality of life in patients with low back pain. Spine. 2005;30(5):551-5.
Tavafian SS, Jamshidi A, Mohammad K, Montazeri A. Low back pain education and short term quality of life: a randomized trial. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2007;8(1):1-6.
Pellisé F, Balagué F, Rajmil L, Cedraschi C, Aguirre M, Fontecha CG, et al. Prevalence of low back pain and its effect on health-related Quality of life in adolescents. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine. 2009;163(1):65-71.
Tran PQ, Nguyen NTY, Nguyen B, Bui QTH. Quality of life assessment in patients on chronic dialysis: Comparison between haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis at a national hospital in Vietnam. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2022.
Cheng J, Yang D, Zuo Q, Peng W, Zhu L, Jiang X. Correlations between uncertainty in illness and anxiety, depression and Quality of life in patients receiving maintenance haemodialysis: A cross‐sectional study. Nursing Open. 2022.
Qader MA, Mottaleb AA, Shetu NA, Khan RS, Nisha TA. Physical Health Versus Mental Health in Haemodialysis Patient: Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life-A Single Centre Experience. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science. 2022;21(1):90-5.
Sygit K, Siedlecka-Pasierbiak K, Sygit M, Cipora E. The Quality of life of seniors hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020;17(10):3721.
Wang R, Wu C, Zhao Y, Yan X, Ma X, Wu M, et al. Health related quality of life measured by SF-36: a population-based study in Shanghai, China. BMC public health. 2008;8(1):1-8.
Hopman WM, Towheed T, Anastassiades T, Tenenhouse A, Poliquin S, Berger C, et al. Canadian normative data for the SF-36 health survey. Cmaj. 2000;163(3):265-71.
CarvalhoMVd, Siqueira LB, Sousa ALL, Jardim PCBV. The influence of hypertension on quality of life. Arquivosbrasileiros de cardiologia. 2013;100:164-74.
Liu R, Wu S, Hao Y, Gu J, Fang J, Cai N, et al. The Chinese version of the world health organization quality of life instrument-older adults module (WHOQOL-OLD): psychometric evaluation. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2013;11(1):1-8.
Lam CL, Eileen Y, Gandek B, Fong DY. The SF-36 summary scales were valid, reliable, and equivalent in a Chinese population. Journal of clinical epidemiology. 2005;58(8):815-22.
Emery CF, Frid DJ, Engebretson TO, Alonzo AA, Fish A, Ferketich AK, et al. Gender differences in Quality of life among cardiac patients. Psychosomatic medicine. 2004;66(2):190-7.
Lee J. Health-related Quality of life in patients after coronary artery bypass graft. Unpublished master's thesis, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea. 2004.
Jeong J. A study on social support and Quality of life in patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Unpublished master's thesis, Hanyang University, Seoul. 2007.
Pocock SJ, Henderson RA, Clayton T, Lyman GH, Chamberlain DA, Participants R-T. Quality of life after coronary angioplasty or continued medical treatment for angina: three-year follow-up in the RITA-2 trial. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2000;35(4):907-14.
Conn V, Taylor SG, Abele PB. Myocardial infarction survivors: age and gender differences in physical health, psychosocial state and regimen adherence. Journal of advanced nursing. 1991;16(9):1026-34.
Koh S-B, Chang S-J, Kang M-G, Cha B-S, Park J-K. Reliability and validity on measurement instrument for health status assessment in occupational workers. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. 1997;30(2):251-66.
Shin S. A study on the gender difference of health status on the recovery state after CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery). Unpublished master's thesis, EwhaWomans University, Seoul. 1999.
Sokol RS, Folks DG, Herrick RW, Freeman AM. Psychiatric outcome in men and women after coronary bypass surgery. Psychosomatics: Journal of Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry. 1987.
Esmaeili Z, ZiabakhshTabari S, Vazezzadeh N. Investigation of Quality of life after open heart surgery in Sari. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2007;17(61):170-4.
Taghipour H, Naseri M, Safiarian R, Dadjoo Y, Pishgoo B, Mohebbi H, et al. Quality of life one year after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2011;13(3):171.
Hatmi Z, Kazemi MSM. Quality of life in patients hospitalized with heart failure: A novel two questionnaire study. ActaMedicaIranica. 2007:493-500.
HasanPour-Dehkordi A, Delaram M, Foruzandeh N, Ganji F, Bakhsha F, Sadegi B. A survey on Quality of life in patients with myocardial infarction, referred to Shahrekord Hagar hospital in 2005. Journal of ShahrekordUuniversity of Medical Sciences. 2007;9.
HasanPour-Dehkordi A, Nazari AA, Forouzandeh N, Kasiri K, Masoudi R, Mousavi A. Factors influencing Quality of life in patients with myocardial infarction. Iran Journal of Nursing (IJN). 2009;22(57).
Ware Jr JE, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36): I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Medical care. 1992:473-83.
Montazeri A, GOSHTASBI A, Vahdaninia M. The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): translation and validation study of the Iranian version. 2006.
Jaagosild P, Dawson NV, Thomas C, Wenger NS, Tsevat J, Knaus WA, et al. Outcomes of acute exacerbation of severe congestive heart failure: Quality of life, resource use, and survival. Archives of internal medicine. 1998;158(10):1081-9.
Yousefi P, Sabzevari S, Mohammadalizade S, Haghdoost A. Study of Quality of life in heart failure hospitalized patients in Kerman medical university hospital in 2008. 2011.
Rahnavard Z, Zolfaghari M, Kazemnejad A, Hatamipour K. An investigation of Quality of life and factors affecting it in the patients with congestive heart failure. Journal of hayat. 2006;12(1):77-86.
Marcellin P, Chousterman M, Fontanges T, Ouzan D, Rotily M, Varastet M, et al. Adherence to treatment and Quality of life during hepatitis C therapy: a prospective, real‐life, observational study. Liver International. 2011;31(4):516-24.
Cacoub PP, Zeymer U, Limbourg T, Baumgartner I, Poldermans D, Röther J, et al. Effects of adherence to guidelines for the control of major cardiovascular risk factors on outcomes in the Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry Europe. Heart. 2011;97(8):660-7.