• Retno Heru Setyorini Doctoral Program in Community Development, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Ari Probandari Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Eny Lestari Department of Agriculture Extension and Communication, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia



contraceptive use, family planning, woman of reproductive age


In developing countries, millions of women of reproductive age do not use contraception, while research on factors related to contraceptive use behavior are still lacking. The study aimed to identify the factors relate to the behavior of contraceptive use.  A cross-sectional study design was conducted from January to March 2020 in Bantul District, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. Data were collected using questionnaires from 369 females in reproductive age. The sample size was calculated using the Slovin formula with a 95% confidence level from 4,869 women of childbearing age. Using path analysis, it revealed that high intention had a direct effect on contraceptive use behavior. Attitudes, subjective norms, and self-efficacy have indirect effects on contraceptive use through intention. Knowledge had an indirect effect through self-efficacy and level of education through knowledge. Initiatives related to increasing contraceptive use behavior are needed to reduce the risk of unmet need. Furthermore, the results of this study can be used by stakeholders to formulate strategies in an effort to encourage family planning practices.


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How to Cite

Retno Heru Setyorini, Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, Ari Probandari, & Eny Lestari. (2022). USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO EXPLORE FACTORS RELATED TO CONTRACEPTIVE USE AMONG WOMEN IN REPRODUCTIVE AGE. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 22(1), 139–145.