OUT OF POCKETS SPENDING AMONG BREAST CANCER WOMEN RECEIVING OUT-PATIENT TREATMENT IN A TERTIARY TEACHING HOSPITAL IN KUALA LUMPUR MALAYSIA
There is lack of information about the estimates of out-of-pocket (OOP) spending among women diagnosed with breast cancer and effects on their family’s financial situation in Malaysia. This study is to determine estimates of out-of-pocket spending among women with breast cancer in HCTM and identify factors that significantly associated with high OOP spending. This cross-sectional study assessed out of pockets spending among breast cancer women in HCTM for breast cancer as out-patient. Sampling unit is a woman who has been diagnosed breast cancer and receiving treatment and follows up in HCTM. A 189 breast cancer women were identified for a 6 months period between July to December 2017. Only those patients who received at least 6 months treatment in HCTM were recruited. Out of pocket spending for treatments for adjuvant therapy and follow up, consultations with other practitioners, care taker fee, equipment and traditional/complementary treatment were collected by face-to-face interview using structured questionnaires. The dependent variable was OOP, analyzed using SSPS v23 for descriptive analysis and both univariate and multivariate analysis.173 out of 186 women were recruited and only 172 were considered for cost calculation (participation rate, 93.0 %) in this study. Total out of pocket spending for breast cancer treatment in 2017 was RM 1,037,446.23 with women’s total means out of pocket spending was RM6031.66 (SD =/- 495.58). The highest percentage of cost component contributed by cost of adjuvant therapy, RM334,056.00 (30.2%) followed by traditional/complementary medicine, RM268,278.00 (24.3%), other expenses/private hospital, RM224,887.00 (20.4%), transportation RM 79,772.52 (7.2%), chemotherapy RM67,300.00 (6.1%), dressing RM54,850.00 (5.0%), equipment/prosthesis RM50,550.00 (4.6%) and care taker cost RM24,661.43 (2.2%). Out of pockets costs from breast cancer in HCTM for 2017 are a burden for women and their family. Financial support provides assistance to the out-of-pocket spending in breast cancer treatment and is able to reduce the financial burden among patients and families.
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