IDENTIFYING FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF A SCALED-UP POSTPARTUM FAMILY PLANNING PROJECT IMPLEMENTED IN PUNJAB, PAKISTAN
Pakistan has one of the highest unmet needs for family planning among low and middle-income countries. Postpartum family planning (PPFP) is considered to have the potential of significantly improving the contraceptive prevalence rate and reducing the unmet need for family planning. Jhpiego (John Hopkins Affiliate) implemented a PPFP pilot project in the district headquarter hospital of Mandi Bahauddin. The key interventions of the Jhpiego pilot were to improve services pertinent to PPFP. Based on the successes of the pilot, the interventions were scaled up to other health facilities. The present study aims to identify the factors associated with the utilization of the postpartum family planning health project implemented in the health facilities once the scale-up activities ended and comparing it with the pilot facility. A cross-sectional survey with a sample of 410 women using postpartum care services in the facilities was conducted using a structured questionnaire. The findings indicated that the complete set of interventions were not present in the facilities. Postpartum family planning method uptake was low (26%) along with the shortage of contraceptives supplies. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to identify the predictors for the current use of postpartum family planning. The predictors identified that women with the age of 25 years and above with 3 or more children, who attended antenatal care visits and were counselled on PPFP were more likely to adopt/use PPFP in the postpartum period. The findings indicated scale-up was limited and the interventions were not sustained once the donor support ended.
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